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The Research Process: RISE English. Ms Marootian Stolley , Karl, et al. "MLA Formatting and Style Guide." The OWL at Purdue. 10 May 2006. Purdue University Writing Lab. 12 May 2006 . ce : OWL at Perdue. At this point, you have chosen your topic and have begun to gather research on it.

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the research process rise english

The Research Process: RISE English


Stolley, Karl, et al. "MLA Formatting and Style Guide." The OWL at Purdue. 10 May 2006. Purdue University Writing Lab. 12 May 2006 .ce: OWL at Perdue

where are we now

At this point, you have chosen your topic and have begun to gather research on it.

  • The paper is due in 11 days, which is a very real life due date for college, we will be working very hard in class to get this done well
Where are we now?
the thesis statement for an argumentative piece

An argumentative paper makes a claim about a topic and justifies this claim with specific evidence.

  • The claim could be an opinion, a policy proposal, an evaluation, a cause-and-effect statement, or an interpretation.
  • The goal of the argumentative paper is to convince the audience that the claim is true based on the evidence provided.
The Thesis Statement for an Argumentative Piece
thesis avenues example

MTV is creating A careless generation of teenagers because it exploits women, glorifies drug and alcohol abuse, discourages teens from taking responsibility and downplays the importance of getting an education.

Thesis & Avenues Example:
research paper thesis notes

Your thesis statement should be specific—it should cover only what you will discuss in your paper and should be supported with specific evidence.

  • The thesis statement usually appears at the end of the first paragraph of a paper.
  • Your thesis may change as you write, so you may need to revise your thesis statement to reflect exactly what you have discussed in the paper.
Research Paper: Thesis Notes

Step #1 will be to collect research

  • Step #2 will be to create an outline (on schoolwires)
  • Step #3 will be to transform the outline into a 5-7 page piece that rocks!
evaluating sources

Evaluating sources is an important skill. It's been called an art as well as work--much of which is detective work. You have to decide where to look, what clues to search for, and what to accept.

  • You may be overwhelmed with too much information or too little. The temptation is to accept whatever you find. But don't be tempted.
  • Learning how to evaluate effectively is a skill you need both for your course papers and your life.
Evaluating Sources
in text citations for print sources with known author

For Print sources like books, magazines, scholarly journal articles, and newspapers, provide a signal word or phrase (usually the author’s last name) and a page number.

  • If you provide the signal word/phrase in the sentence, you do not need to include it in the parenthetical citation.
In-text Citations for Print Sources with Known Author

Human beings have been described by Kenneth Burke as "symbol-using animals" (3).

  • OR
  • Human beings have been described as "symbol-using animals" (Burke 3).
citing a work by multiple authors

For a source with three or fewer authors, list the authors' last names in the text or in the parenthetical citation:

  • Smith, Yang, and Moore argue that tougher gun control is not needed in the United States (76).
  • OR
  • The authors state "Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights" (Smith, Yang, and Moore 76).
Citing a Work by Multiple Authors
citing a source within a source

Sometimes you may have to use an indirect source. An indirect source is a source cited in another source. For such indirect quotations, use "qtd. in" to indicate the source you actually consulted. For example:

  • Ravitch argues that high schools are pressured to act as "social service centers, and they don't do that well" (qtd. in Weisman 259).
Citing a source within a source…
citing a site with no known author

We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change" (Impact of Global Warming 6).

Citing a site with No Known Author
internet sources rule author in sentence not needed in citation

Werner Herzog's Fitzcarraldo stars Herzog's long-time film partner, Klaus Kinski. During the shooting of Fitzcarraldo, Herzog and Kinski were often at odds, but their explosive relationship fostered a memorable and influential film.

  • During the presentation, Jane Yates stated that invention and pre-writing are areas of rhetoric that need more attention.
Internet Sources Rule: Author in sentence, not needed in citation
author rule cite if you do not in sentences

One online film critic stated that Fitzcarraldo is "...a beautiful and terrifying critique of obsession and colonialism" (Garcia, “Herzog: a Life”).

Author Rule: Cite if you do not in sentences
when a citation is not needed

Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources.

  • You do not need to give sources for familiar proverbs, well-known quotations or common knowledge.
  • This is a rhetorical choice, based on audience.
When a Citation is Not Needed