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Industrialization/Reform. Melissa. <-- Vanderbilt. Carnegie -->. Industrial Leaders. Cornelius Vanderbilt, Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller each controlled a different industry and were very wealthy and had a lot of power in America.

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industrial leaders

<-- Vanderbilt

Carnegie -->

Industrial Leaders
  • Cornelius Vanderbilt, Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller each controlled a different industry and were very wealthy and had a lot of power in America.
  • Carnegie was a steel tycoon, Vanderbilt controlled the railroads and Rockefeller owned 80% of the country’s oil refineries

Rockefeller ->

  • Thomas Edison, and Alexander Graham Bell were all big inventors during the Revolution.
  • Graham Bell is the inventor of the telephone and harmonic telegraph which boosted communication during this era.
  • Edison is credited with the invention of the incandescent light bulb.

**See pink packet on Industrialization Projects


Graham Bell

living working conditions
Living/Working Conditions
  • Most people during the industrial revolution lived in tenements.
  • These tenements were overly crowded and unsanitary, but cheap and close to work.
  • Factories were unsanitary and hazardous to work in.
  • Many factories had women and young children working in harsh conditions for 12 hour days. These conditions lead to workers’ unions.
muckrakers and reforms
Muckrakers and Reforms
  • Muckrakers are journalists who publicize scandalous information about famous people/places.
  • The most famous muckrakers of this time are Riis, Tarbell, and Sinclair.
  • Sinclair is known for uncovering the unsanitary conditions of the meat packing districts in Chicago.
  • These revealing writings helped to push reforms for workers’ safety.


  • President Teddy Roosevelt discussed the working conditions of meat packing districts with Upton Sinclair. This lead to reforms in food safety and conservation including the Pure Food and Drug Act, and the Meat Inspection Act.
  • He also created trusts in order to better control large industries and break up the concentration of economic powers.
  • President Woodrow Wilson passed child labor acts and limited railroad workers to 8 hour days. He also helped initiate the Federal Reserve Act and the Federal Trade Commission.

**See Reform ppt. on wiki



women s suffrage
Women’s Suffrage
  • In the early 1900s there was a big push for women’s right to vote.
  • In 1920 women finally gained the right to vote.

**see back of The Progressive Era reading

works cited
Works Cited