America and Progressive Reform The Pressures of Progressive Reform 1900-1920
Reform Pressures • By the year 1900 The United States was a major world player. • Industrialization, Urbanization and Immigration were all factors in increasing the wealth of the nation. • These advances did however bring about negative changes. • These negative effects brought on calls for reform.
Effects of Business Practices • The corporate world grew increasingly wealthy and powerful. • Monopolies limited competition, thus creating unfair business practices • Price gouging and waste full practices were accepted • Social Darwinism
Conditions for Industrial Workers • Conditions were barely tolerable • 60 hour work weeks on unsafe machines • Getting hurt led to getting fired • Very low wages especially for women and children • No job security
Life for the Urban Poor • The gap between the rich and the poor began to grow more rapidly than in the past. • Slums & poor conditions along with crime and starvation was common.
Lack of Strong, Effective Government Reforms • Both Federal and State Governments did not commit effective reforms to deal with problems • Corruption and laissez – faire attitudes did nothing to help the situation
Goals of the Progressive Movement • Protect social welfare • Promote moral improvement • Create economic reform • Foster efficiency
Bibliography • http://www.history.ohio-state.edu/projects/uscartoons/GAPECartoons.htm - Slides 3,5 & 6 • http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/childlabor/ Slide 4