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Chapter 34 Late 20 th Century. Context Existentialism 30-50 (art center shifts from Europe to New York) WWII ends 45 Atomic bomb devastates Hiroshima and Nagasaki 46 Transistor radio invented 48 Israel created 48 Republic of India 49 People’s Republic of China 49 Korean-Vietnam war 50-53.

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Chapter 34 Late 20 th Century


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  1. Chapter 34 Late 20th Century • Context • Existentialism 30-50 (art center shifts from Europe to New York) • WWII ends 45 • Atomic bomb devastates Hiroshima and Nagasaki 46 • Transistor radio invented 48 • Israel created 48 Republic of India 49 People’s Republic of China 49 • Korean-Vietnam war 50-53

  2. Sputnik I launched 57 • Computer chip invented 59 • Lasers invented 60 • Sexual revolution 60’s 70’s • First manned space flight 61 • JFK assassinated 63 • Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy 68 • Moon landing 75 • Vietnam war end 75 • Opening of the Berlin wall collapse of the Soviet Union 89 • Cybernetic Revolution 90’s

  3. How do you define Modernism • Begins with Picasso • “I am at liberty to walk around an object and show you all sides—I can do anything I want to the canvas” • Painting is no longer a window into another world.

  4. How do you define Post Modernism? • Modernism exhausted itself • 1960’s+ • Meaning doesn’t come from the picture itself, meaning lies in what you bring to it. • Reaction to formalism of modern art • International language • Interest in mass voices/marginal voices/multiculturalism

  5. Modernism Post Modernism

  6. Post Modern Movements • Every • Artist • Can • Make • Picasso • Cut • Paper • So • Everything • Fits • Nicely • Existentialism • Abstract Expressionism • Color Field • Minimalism • Performance • Conceptual • Pop • Superrealism • Earth art • Feminism • Neo Expressionism

  7. Existentialism=a philosophy asserting the absurdity of human existence • WWI was to end all war (10 Mill. Dead) • WWII 35 million dead Europe devastated • Europe left devastated brings pessimism, brutality, roughness, atheism • Objective: • Artists express current cultural/emotional state of the world after the incredible destruction of WWII

  8. Characteristics • Exaggeration and distortion of imagery • Images of hopelessness, loneliness, and horror • References to violence and politcal messages • Influences: • Expressionism • surrealism

  9. Francis BaconPainting Oil – 6’5” x 4’4” - 1946 Head surrounded by sides of Beef

  10. Alberto Giacometti, Man Pointing Bronze – 5’ 10” x 3’ 1” x 1’ 5” - 1947

  11. Abstract Expressionism • New York School • First American art movement • Objective: art to express the hand of the artist-paintings are about the act of painting • The active process –action painting Characteristics • Surrealist improvisation • Impulse chance - energy

  12. 2 forms • Action painting or gestural art • about spontaneous process and expression of inner psyche • Color Field • Power of expressive color Influences • Anti minimalism • Dada/expressionism

  13. Jackson Pollock, Lavender Mist Oil, enamel and aluminum – 7’ 3” x 9” 10” - 1950

  14. Lucifer

  15. William De Kooning,Woman 1Oil – 6’ 3” x 4” 10” - 1950

  16. Color Field • Covering canvases with fields of color on huge canvases • Expressive power of color • Influences:dada • De Stijl

  17. Mark Rothko,Number 14 Oil – 9’ 6” x 8’ 9” - 1960

  18. Mark Rothko,VirHeroicusSulbimisOil – 7’ 11” x 17’ 9” - 1951

  19. Stella, Mas o Menos Metalic powder in acrylic emulsion – 9’ 10” x 13’ 8” - 1964

  20. Helen Frankenthaler,Bay Side Acrylic – 6’ 2” x 6’ 9” - 1967

  21. Minimal Art • Objective • Remove all emotional referenc in art • Universal language • Characteristics • no hierarchy of composition • Geometry and simplicity of forms • Industrial materials and fabrication • Impersonal and detached-rejection of emotion • Influences • De Stijl

  22. Tony Smith, Die Steel 6’ x 6’ x 6’ - 1962

  23. Donald Judd,Untitled Brass and Plexiglass – 6” x 2’ x 2’ 3” each - 1969

  24. Maya Lin,Vietnam Veterans Memorial Black Granite - Washington DC - 1983

  25. David Smith, Cubi XVIII and Cubi XVII Stainless Steel – 9’ 7” - 1964

  26. Louise Bourgeois, Cumuli I Marble – 1’ 10” x 4’ 2” x 4” - 1969

  27. Performanceart • Objective • Art the celebrates the experience and process of creation • Characteristics • Centers around a single actor who has some special message • The physical work is replaced by movements, gestures, and sounds • Bodies and voice are the medium • No logical narrative • Influences • Abstract Expressionism

  28. Joseph Beuys, How to Explain Pictures to a Dead Hare - 1965

  29. Jean Tinguely, Homage to New York - 1960

  30. http://vimeo.com/8537769

  31. Conceptual art • Objective: • Emphasizes the artists thinking-not manipulation of materials • It’s the idea or concept that is the primary element • Characteristics • Art about an idea/object/concept

  32. Joseph Kosuth, One and Three Chairs Chair, photo, dictionary definition - 1965

  33. American Pop Art • Abstraction at and end • Short for popular art • Objective • Communicative power of art to reach a wide audience • Characteristics • Embracing popular culture and mass media • Painting not things, but representation of things • Impersonal • Commercial art-ready made images

  34. Jasper Johns, Flag Encaustic, Oil, Collage,- 3’ 6” x 5’ - 1955

  35. Robert Rauschenberg, Canyon Oil, Pencil, Paper, Fabric, Wood, Paint, Glue, Mirror, Bald Eagle, String, Pillow – 6’ 9” x 5’ 10” x 2’ - 1959

  36. Roy Liechtenstein, Hopeless Oil – 3’ 8” x 3’ 8” - 1963

  37. Liechtenstein Drowning girl

  38. Andy Warhol,Green Coca Cola Bottles Oil – 6’ 10” x 4’ 9” - 1962

  39. Andy Warhol, Marilyn Diptych Oil, Acrylic, and Silk Screen – 6’ 8” x 4’ 9” - 1962

  40. Andy Warhol

  41. Andy Warhol

  42. Oldenburg - One Person Show at the Green Gallery 1962

  43. Claus Oldenberg

  44. Claus Oldenberg

  45. Superrealism (Photorealism) • Objective • Create images with a scrupulous attention to detail and reality • Characteristics • Optical realism • Minute detail • Photographic • Influences • Op and Pop art