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20 th Century
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  1. 20th Century

  2. Maurice de Vlamink Bougival Artist -French -Boxer, champion bicycle racer, musician, and writer -Mostly self taught -Known as the wildest of the wild beasts (the Fauves) Painting -Used traditional methods of organizing the landscape such as warm colors in the foreground, greens in the middle and in the background -Uses unnatural red in the foreground -Vivid colors -Some parts of the canvas are left unpainted creating effects of light -Uses bust curving lines creating sense of energy -Rough visible brush strokes -Repeated pattern of wedge shapes and diagonal lines create a sense of movement.

  3. Odilon RedonFlowers in a black vase Artist • French. • Thought art should make dreams and imagination visible. • Until he was almost 50, he worked only in black and white (charcoal and lithograph prints.) • Created fantasy visions and popular flower .paintings in oils and pastels (chalk). • Use his wife's flower arrangements from garden as his subjects. • Wrote of his paintings as “opening a little door into the unknown.” Painting - Pastels produce soft velvety surface. • Soft looks and lack of detail creates a sense of mystery. • Unusual setting, can’t see the table only part of the vase and flowers are showing. • Less detail as we move back into the painting.

  4. Eanger Irving CouseThe purple shawl Artist – American -Worked as painter to earn money for art classes -Founding member and 1st President of the Taos Society of Artist - Known for pictures of Native Americans at work on domestic task Painting – Not a portrait, but a quiet moment in her everyday life. - Strong simple lines create a peaceful, timeless scene • Vertical line repeated order and stability • Horizontal of fireplace=peacefulness, calm • Diagonal of floor adds variety and interest -Contrast of light and dark, curving line, embroidery contrasts with straight lines, soft clothing contrasts with rough adobe walls and fireplace

  5. Juan GrisThe White Tablecloth Artist – Spanish Cubist believe nature is based on the cone, sphere, and cylinder • Important Cubist artist • Studied engineering and mathematics before becoming an artist • Thought of paintings as flat colored architecture - 1st professional art was creating humorous drawing for magazines - Died at 40 Painting – Cubist painting • Light is coming from all directions – Cubist showed more than one view at a time • See cloth from several directions

  6. Lyonel FeiningerManhattan II Artist – American • Went to Europe to study music, but studied drawing and art Remained in Europe for years • Teached at school of Art and Design in Germany • First became famous as a cartoonist • To escape Nazi control in Germany he returned to U.S in 1937 • Painting influenced by Cubist style, but developed own style • Favorites were cityscapes Painting – Cityscape view of New York Streets • Influence by Cubism • Point of View as we standing of sidewalk looking up • Tilting shapes and dark shapes create a sense of movement and carries eyes up to sky • Lines and geometric shapes show light as well as Sunlight beams • Lines keep us from feeling like it is a cold place. • Almost every line is diagonal or tilted and the rhythm of these lines create a sense of movement

  7. Ernest Martin HenningsIdlers Artist – American • Studied art in Chicago and Germany • Start of WWI forced him to return to U.S • First worked as a commercial artist • Member of the Taos Society of Artists • Painted portraits during the Depression in Houston to make ends meet Painting – Hard to judge dates of his painting, always used similar style and subject • Not a portrait although the man focus is on the man in the front • Casual scene of man relaxing in sunshine • Used tradition arrangement of mans hands to add life and movement • Uses neutral tones like the sunlight has bleached it • Bright sunlight

  8. Morris LouisDalet Kaf Artist – American - Did stain paintings- Poured paint directly on wave canvas and let it flow across without using a brush • Secretive about his methods • Did 100 paintings in a series called “Veils” • Died of lung cancer before 40th birthday Painting • Acrylic –First new painting, medium developed in centuries • 1 of the Veil paintings • Stain painting, 8’x12’, increases impact • No brush strokes or textures • Canvas is part of the painting itself • Only concerned with flat 2 dimensional canvas • Its subject is color and the effect of color on the artist and viewer

  9. Dorothy HoodUntitled #31 Artist – Female - Hometown ( Bryan, Texas.) • Flew in small planes her father owned and piloted • Vacationed in Mexico and stayed for almost 20 yrs. • Moved to Houston in 1961 • Wanted works to capture emotion. Not interested in realism Painting – 6 X 7 • Applied color to give sense of depth, cooler colors seem further away than the warm onto the left. Colors overlap • Crumpled texture stands out • Color unifies image • Patch of red picks up red from the left and use sides together

  10. Melissa MillerThe Ark Artist – American - A painting who specializes In animals • Born in Houston, TX • Preferred traditional styles of drawings perspective and natural forms • Teaches at the University of TX in Austin Painting - Created on 2 panels, each 6 X 7 • An illustration of the Bible story of Noah’s Ark, but has left out Noah and the Ark, focusing on the animals • Animals show human characteristics • Tense situation • Loose brush strokes to create clouds and coming storm art to tension and danger