The erechtheion
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The Erechtheion. 421-405 B.C.E. The Construction. Designed by Philokes. Constructed during 421-405 B.C.E. Located on the Acropolis in Athens. Considered an Ionic masterpiece. Erechtheion Site Plan. Site Significance. The Erechtheion temple sits on a mythical site.

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The erechtheion

The Erechtheion

421-405 B.C.E.

The construction
The Construction

Designed by Philokes

Constructed during 421-405 B.C.E.

Located on the Acropolis in Athens

Considered an Ionic masterpiece

Erechtheion Site Plan

Site significance
Site Significance

The Erechtheion temple sits on a mythical site

According to the Legend, a contest between Athena and Poseidon was held

to claim Athens in which Poseidon caused salt water to spring at the site. Athena won

the contest by making an olive tree to sprout

The olive tree still stands!

Statue of Poseidon

Statute of Athena

Erechtheion highlights
Erechtheion Highlights

Built on a sloping site and accommodates to it

Separate porticos with different sized columns

The Porch of the Maidens

Erechtheion Elevation View

The porch of the maidens
The Porch of the Maidens

Located on the southern portion of the Erechtheion

Statues of women are used instead of the typical Ionic column

Columns are referred to as “caryatids” after beautiful, captive women of Caria

Cast mold caryatids stand in place of the


Original caryatids in a Greek Museum

Stolen caryatid in the British Museum

Final reflections
Final Reflections…

Any Questions???