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the handsome the tall the strong the clever the naughty

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  1. the handsome the tall the strong the clever the naughty boy The boy is Tom. The boy who is handsome is Tom. The boywho is tall is Tom. The boywho is strong is Tom The boywho is clever is Tom . The boywho is naughty is Tom.

  2.  The boy is Tom. The boy is smiling. The boy who is smiling is Tom. (主语)  The boy is Tom. The boy has a round face. The boywho has a round face is Tom.  The boy is Tom. He sits in front of me. The man who sits in front of me is Tom.

  3.  The boy is in the lab. You want to talk to him. The boy (whom) you want to talk to is in the lab. The boy to whom you want to talk is in the lab.  This is the boy. I sit behind him. This is the boy (whom) I sit behind. This is the boy behind whom I sit.

  4.  The woman got the job. The woman can speak Russian. The womanwho can speak Russian got the job.  The teacher will give us a talk. The teacher is famous. The teacher who is famous will give us a talk.

  5.  He is the teacher. The teacher can speak French. He is the teacher who can speak French.  Do you know the man? He came to visit you today. Do you know the man who came to visit you today?

  6.  The lady stepped on his foot. He was dancing with the lady. The lady (whom) he was dancing with stepped on his foot.  Do you know the man? You will visit him today. Do you know the man whom you will visit today?

  7. 关系代词: 1. who指人,作主语或宾语 (作宾语可省略) The man who I talked with is our teacher. A person who steals things is called a thief. 2. whom指人,作宾语 (作宾语可省略, 如介词提前则不能省) The man (whom/who) I nodded to is Mr. Li. The man to whom I nodded is Professor Li.

  8. the red the green the small the big apple The apple which is red is mine. The apple which is green is yours. The apple which is red is small The apple which is green is big.

  9.  Mrs. Clark is angry with the goat. The goat is eating her flowers. Mrs. Clark is angry with the goat which is eating her flowers.  Can you lend me the book? You talked about it last night. Can you lend me the book (which) you talked about last night. Can you lend me the book about which you talked last night?

  10. Do you find the pen? I wrote with it just now. Do you find the pen (which) I wrote with just now? Do you find the pen with which I wrote just now?

  11. 3. which 指物,作主语或宾语(作宾语可省略, 如介词提前则不能省) 3. which 指物,作主语或宾语(作宾语可省略, 如介词提前则不能省) These are the trees which were planted last year. These are the trees which were planted last year. This recorder (which)he is using is made in Japan. This recorder (which)he is using is made in Japan. Is this the library (which) you borrow books from? Is this the library from which you borrow books?

  12.  that 指人/物,作主语或宾语 (作宾语可省略) A plane is a machine. It can fly. A plane is a machine that can fly. He is the man. I told you about him. He is the man (that) I told you about.

  13. Is this the library from which you borrow books? from that 4.that 指人/物,作主语或宾语 (作宾语可省略) A plane is a machine that can fly. He is the man (that) I told you about.  注意:介词提前时只能用which 而不能用that 。

  14.  that和which在指物的情况下一般都可以互换, 但在下列情况下,一般用that而不用which。 (1) 先行词为all, everything, nothing, something, anything, little, much 等不定代词时。 I am sure she has something(that)you can borrow. (2)先行词被all, every, no, some, any, little, much等 修饰时。 I’ve read all the books that are not mine. (3)先行词被序数词或最高级修饰时。 This is the first book (that) he has read. (4)先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last修饰时。 This is the very book that belongs to him.

  15.  that和which在指物的情况下一般都可以互换, 但在下列情况下,一般用that而不用which。 • (5) 先行词是who或who引导的主句。Who is the girl(that) drove the car? Who (that) broke the window will be punished. • (6) 主句以There be 引导时There are 200 people (that) didn’t know the thing.

  16. (1) The scientist is very famous in the world. We met her yesterday. The scientist Ø we met yesterday is very famous who in the world. whom that (2) The dress is new. She is wearing it. The dress that she is wearing is new. which Ø

  17. (3) He is the kind person. I have ever worked with him. He is the kind person that I have ever worked with. who whom Ø (4) This is the best film. I have ever seen this film. This is the best film that I have ever seen. Ø

  18.  that和which在指物的情况下一般都可以互换, 但在下列情况下,一般用which而不用that。 • (1) 关系代词在限制性定语从句中紧跟介词作宾语(介词提前) Those are many trees under(which) they can have a rest. • (2) 在非限制性定语从句中 Football,(which) is a very popular game, is played all over the world.