It’s true that children’s games have changed a lot during the last few decades.When we were young we played outside a lot. We used our bodies. We had plenty of physical exercises. There were usually team games more sociable then today’s ones, and we had a lot of fun with friends. We didn’t need expensive equipment to play. We just needed friends, good humor and our imagination. All we had was a rope, a stone, a stick or a ball. The games were fantastic and really amusing.
The team games which I remember from my childhood are gradually disappearing.Those dayschildren were playing team games such asfootball, hare and hounds, classes, hopscotch, dodge ball, tomato play, deaf telephone, hide-and-seek, war of ships etc.
Hare and houndsThis game was full of mystery. Two teams had to find "TREASURE". Hidden letters and notes or arrows on the ground were leading to the goal. It was excellent!!!
Classes When I was a child I often played badminton, skipping and classes. The gamecalled “classes” was played in the backyard. Children drew a rectangle divided into seven squares on theground.Every squaresymbolised a class. „1” stood for a first class, „2” for a second class, etc. A square with a circle meant a possibility to take advantage of a break. To start the first class you had to throw a flat stone into the first square . You had to jump on one leg from one square to another and push the stone with your fingers. After pushing stone through all the squares you finished the first class. If the stone landed on the line, you had to repeat the same class. In order to win you could neitherthrow the stone on the line, nor push it on the line separating the classes.
The hopscotchThe hopscotch is a game very similar to classes. It was my favouritegame when I was a young girl. I used to play this game with my girlfriends. We drew „a little man” with chalk on the pavement. Then we jumped on one foot from one step to the next one. The winner was the one whojumped the most steps.
DodgeballIn this game children need a ball and a playing field (very often it is a playground). They divide themselves into two teams. The playing field is also divided into two parts. The players stand facing one another and throw the ball. The goal is to hit all the participants of the opponents’ team with the ball.Each team selects one player called “mother”.When all the players of one team are hit, „mother”, who is usually the best player in the team, steps up. If she gets hit three times, her team loses and the game is over.We liked this game and we played it very often. We used to come back home feeling excited and hungry!
Tomato playTomato - that was a very popular children’s game. It is not complicated. To start the game there must be more than two participants. Among all players one person is chosen to ask other people several questions. For every question it is necessary to answer: Tomato. Questions have to be personal or funny to make questioned person laugh or at least smile. If somebody makes a mistake and gives another answer or burstsoutlaughing - the game finishes.
Deaf telephoneWhile playing "Deaf telephone" children sit on thechairs round the table. The first player makes up a word and whispers it to the second one, the second whispers it to the following one and so on...When the last player speaks aloud misheard word everyone burstsout laughing.Then the other player makes up a new word and the game starts from the beginning.It is common that during the game, the word from the beginning changes its’form or even the whole meaning.
Hide-and-seekThe basics of the game are as follows:One person covers his eyes with his hands and counts to one hundred or to ten. In the meantime, the rest of participants of the party have to hide themselves before being looked for. Then, the seeker speaks loudly -"I am looking for you". The person who is found as the first one becomes the seeker in the next round, while the last found person wins the current round.
War of ships This is the game for two players. Every player must draw two big squares (look at the example) on a sheet of paper. Each of them must draw ten ships in one of them. Second square must be empty. One of the players asks question about ships’ item of a partner. If for instance a ship will be hit, this ship must be drawn on an empty square. Item of ship defines as in chess (6A, 7G, and so on). Player who hits all theships of the opponent first isthewinner.
Currently children focuson individual development,e.g. tennis, swimming, languages, computer etc. People communicate with each other less and less.Nowadays,technical devices have changed the way of spending free time. Our grandchildren and their generation spend a lot of time indoors, playing all kinds ofTV or computer games, or watching TV alone or on-line with virtual friends. They put on weight, do not receiveenough freshair and have problems with building relationships.
Computergames These days one of the most frequent activities of our children is playing computer games.A personal computer game is a video game played on a personal computer or a video game console. Computer games have evolved from the simple graphics to a wide range of visually very advanced projects.
PC games have long been a source of controversy, particularly related to the violence that has become commonly associated with video gaming in general. Video game violence increases children's aggression.
Video game addiction can have a negative influence on health and on social relations. Alongside these problems associated with computer game addiction have grown similar worries about the effect of computer games on education. In my opinion, computer games do not have only negative influence on children but they have some positive features as well. PC games can increase children’s reflex and enlarge their knowledge, if only they are used in sensible time proportions.
Jigsaw puzzlesOne of the most popular children's game in the past and now is putting the jigsaw puzzle together.Jigsaw puzzles were originally created by pointing a picture on a flat, rectangular piece of wood and then cutting the picture into small pieces with a jigsaw, hence the name. John Spilsbury, a London mapmaker and engraver near 1760 year, used the puzzles for teaching the geography. He cut off from the map pointed on the flat piece of wood the shapes of the individual countries. Most modern jigsaw puzzles are made out off cardboard, since they are easier and cheaper to mass production than the original wooden models. Photographs or printed reproductions are glued onto the cardboard before cutting. Now there are also three dimensional jigsaw puzzle.
The interesting thing is that Alzheimer Society of Canada consider that doing puzzles is one of many activities that help keep the brain active and may help to reduce the development of Alzheimer's disease. So they are very good for children and grandparents.I think that doing puzzles is the better way of spending your free time than playing computer and mobile phone games.
Mobile phonesMobile phones have been one of the most popular things these days, even treated as toys by very young children. Parents buy them because they want to have contact with their children. They want to know what the children are doing and where are they. The children like mobile phone because they use it for communication by sms with friends/ it is cheaper than calling/, they can play less complicated games, take photos or even make short films. Also teenagers can connect with the Internet which is another source of those days games. You can play any game you like online with a person from another part of a world at any time and in any place.
THE ENDThank you for your attentionThis presentation was created by participants of the “Discovering the world anew” project from Sopot, Poland.