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ESSENTIALS OF CHILDREN S LITERATURE: Chapter 1
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ESSENTIALS OF CHILDREN S LITERATURE: Chapter 1

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    1. ESSENTIALS OF CHILDRENS LITERATURE: Chapter 1

    2. More than 120,000 childrens titles currently in print more than 5,000 new childrens titles being pubed annually in USMore than 120,000 childrens titles currently in print more than 5,000 new childrens titles being pubed annually in US

    3. CONTENT About experiences of childhood, both good and bad & diverse topics of interest to children Told in a forthright, humorous , or suspenseful manner! IF told about childhood in a nostalgic or overly sentimental way -- inappropriate When children shown as victims, stories should emphasize hope for a better future Mainly for enjoyment and information Childhood relevant topics: birthdays, losing a tooth, being the new kid at school Diverse topics: mummies, dinosaurs, world records, race cars Munsch Ill Love You Forever Rylant Birthday PresentsChildhood relevant topics: birthdays, losing a tooth, being the new kid at school Diverse topics: mummies, dinosaurs, world records, race cars Munsch Ill Love You Forever Rylant Birthday Presents

    4. QUALITY Involves originality and importance of ideas, imaginative use of language, and beauty of literary and artistic style Fresh, meaningful and interesting for years Good (but not great) have value (fast-moving, adventure-filled, predictable stories encourage newly independent readers to read). No need for YOU to read aloud. Low end: books nothing more than ads for TV cartoon characters or author soapboxes. Award-winning books (see Appendix A) Good: Well written series books/Junie B. Jones/Magic Tree House/Cynthia Rylant: Mr. Putter and Tabby, Henry and Mudge/Van Draanen: Shredderman Exs: Nancy Drew, Hardy Boys, Babysitters Club, Goosebumps, etc. Mary Kate & Ashley, Pokeymon, carebearsAward-winning books (see Appendix A) Good: Well written series books/Junie B. Jones/Magic Tree House/Cynthia Rylant: Mr. Putter and Tabby, Henry and Mudge/Van Draanen: Shredderman Exs: Nancy Drew, Hardy Boys, Babysitters Club, Goosebumps, etc. Mary Kate & Ashley, Pokeymon, carebears

    7. ACADEMIC VALUE OF LITERATURE TO CHILDREN Literature across the Curriculum: use resources as listed in Appendix B, p.28-285; not confined to textbook as sole source Illustration in picture books: appreciate both for its ability to help tell the story its value as art (aesthetic) Invaluable in teaching children to read daily: reading excellent literature aloud silent independent reading of free-choice material Show A to Zoo Take time to point out style and medium of pictures to children Read aloud challenging books Focus on award-winning and notable booksShow A to Zoo Take time to point out style and medium of pictures to children Read aloud challenging books Focus on award-winning and notable books

    8. PERSONAL VALUE OF LITERATURE TO CHILDREN ENJOYMENT IMAGINATION AND INSPIRATION VICARIOUS EXPERIENCE UNDERSTANDING AND EMPATHY HERITAGE MORAL REASONING LITERARY AND ARTISTIC PREFERENCE Enjoyment -- most important personal gain Imagin -- see the world around them in new ways consider ways of living other than their own thus increase their ability to think divergently, develop imaginations; can inspire children to overcome obstacles, accept different perspectives, formulate personal goals The Giver Understanding--universality of human needs; multicultural & international understanding; personal level with events & people of history Heritage-- Stories that connect us with our past come to know stories that make us culturally literate: folktales, tall tales, mother goose rhymes, history of our country/ people who shaped it. Ben & Me Moral Reasoning-- Story characters have to make moral decisions; children consider what they would do in such a situation/ formulate their own concepts of right and wrong. On My Honor Literary & Artistic Preferences-- Come to recognize styles of many authors & illustrators. Develop their own preferences of style (mystery, biography) and favorite authors and illustrators--teacher tell of her favorites -- Alesa/Pilkey Do a unit each quarter around an author &/or illustrator Enjoyment -- most important personal gain Imagin -- see the world around them in new ways consider ways of living other than their own thus increase their ability to think divergently, develop imaginations; can inspire children to overcome obstacles, accept different perspectives, formulate personal goals The Giver Understanding--universality of human needs; multicultural & international understanding; personal level with events & people of history Heritage-- Stories that connect us with our past come to know stories that make us culturally literate: folktales, tall tales, mother goose rhymes, history of our country/ people who shaped it. Ben & Me Moral Reasoning-- Story characters have to make moral decisions; children consider what they would do in such a situation/ formulate their own concepts of right and wrong. On My Honor Literary & Artistic Preferences-- Come to recognize styles of many authors & illustrators. Develop their own preferences of style (mystery, biography) and favorite authors and illustrators--teacher tell of her favorites -- Alesa/Pilkey Do a unit each quarter around an author &/or illustrator

    9. Current Trends Rapid increase in publication of childrens literature over last 30 years/5,000 books published each year. 3 X as many books available as a decade ago. Picture books Heavily illustrated nonfiction Highly commercial TV-related spin-off 2 Rise in books written by celebrity authors: Heather French, Madonna/Curic/Leno/Dr. Laura Schlessinger Increasing numbers of multicultural and international books Increase in amount & complexity of illustration in childrens books. Fewer full-length novels; more short, high-interest, low-reading level novels for 10-14 year olds. Picture books dealing artfully with varied family structures. Increase in amount & complexity: Illustrations more dominant/text less so as readers become more visually oriented/spend time watching TV/playing video games/less time reading. Fewer full-length novels: steadily increasing market for less challenging formula fiction series books (Goosebumps/animorphs/Babysitters Club/Lemony Snicket:series of unfortunate events. Picture books dealing artfully: Mollys Family/Nancy GardenIncrease in amount & complexity: Illustrations more dominant/text less so as readers become more visually oriented/spend time watching TV/playing video games/less time reading. Fewer full-length novels: steadily increasing market for less challenging formula fiction series books (Goosebumps/animorphs/Babysitters Club/Lemony Snicket:series of unfortunate events. Picture books dealing artfully: Mollys Family/Nancy Garden

    13. Small press publishers assuming the task of publishing more challenging, original, risky books, as independent book publishers fall to corporate takeovers. Dominance of illustration in childrens books. Advance technology has led to improvements in many picture books. Readers are becoming more visually oriented as they spend more time watching television and playing video games and spend less time reading. Technology has made possible a new emphasis on graphics and photos in nonfictionstunning presentations. Critics concerned design and appearance factors overpower the content of the books while going beyond the artistic knowledge of young readers. Less variety: Small-press publishers assume the task of publishing more challenging, original, risky books. Rapid growth: As schools adopt computerized management reading programs such as Accelerated Reader, reading and books become less a means to enjoyment an discovering new information and more a matter of gaining points. Less variety: Small-press publishers assume the task of publishing more challenging, original, risky books. Rapid growth: As schools adopt computerized management reading programs such as Accelerated Reader, reading and books become less a means to enjoyment an discovering new information and more a matter of gaining points.

    15. Tie-in artifacts: Games/craft kits/cookbooks/dolls and doll accessories (American Girl Collection.).Tie-in artifacts: Games/craft kits/cookbooks/dolls and doll accessories (American Girl Collection.).

    18. Production of board books for toddlers simple concepts/colors/numbers Children of color Mass marketing of books in supermarkets, mall bookstores, and drugstores, along with rise of book clubs in schools, has changed the way books are selected Before/teacher or librarian led children to books after explaining their merits; now appeal of cover alone sells the book or not. Because of tax on warehoused goods, books go out of print quickly if sales arent high Difficult to find book loved as a child Or one you read a review of 2 years ago. Kira-Kira Consolidation of publishing houses into a few megacompanies make finding a publisher more difficult for unknown authors. Board Books: More picture storybooks and books for beginning readers being reformatted as board books and incorrectly marketed as baby books. Consolidation: Tradition of a family-owned publishing house, nurturning and leading along authors and illustrators, has all but disappeared. Board Books: More picture storybooks and books for beginning readers being reformatted as board books and incorrectly marketed as baby books. Consolidation: Tradition of a family-owned publishing house, nurturning and leading along authors and illustrators, has all but disappeared.

    19. No copies available in book stores when it won the Newbery/sent back after 3 months

    20. Celebrities Writing for Children Famous singers, actors, entertainers try their hands in writing for children with mixed results. Famous published authors of adult books write for children: Carl Hiaasen/ Hoot Walter Moseley/47 David Baldacci/ Freddy and the French Fries James Patterson/ Maximum Ride

    25. Rapid growth of technology in all areas of publishing. Essentials, pp. 29-30 The Power of Reading, pp. 121-122 Childrens Literature, p. 83 As schools adopt computerized management reading programs such as Accelerated Reader, reading and books become less a means to enjoyment and discovering new information and more a matter of gaining points. Page in text: 12 READ Story about child who asked mother how many points she received in 4th grade in AR. Then why did you read? Page in text: 12 READ Story about child who asked mother how many points she received in 4th grade in AR. Then why did you read?

    26. Reading is the sole means by which we slip, involuntarily, into anothers skin, anothers voice, anothers soul. By Joyce Carol Oates