Extreme Sports. Expository Reading and Writing Course. Cage Fighting / MMA. 1. Street Luge. 1. Skateboarding. 1. X - Games. 1. More X Games. 1. X Games / Snowboarding. 1. Hangliding / Parasailing. ^^^Over Everest!!^^^. Base Jumping / Wingsuit Flying. Pair / Share.
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Expository Reading and Writing Course
What are some words that you associate with extreme sports?
Maybe something like:What is autism? What does autism have to do with taking extreme risks?
He offers proof because he states that the “…sign the camp works: Most of the campers come back.”
What is the solemn warning to Wingsuit Flyers?
Are Extreme Sports about the risk taking?How does the camp benefit kids with autism?
Jones: Ends with condolences to those close to Robson.
Donvan: Ends with praise for the camp and it’s success.
Extreme Sports not about the risk ends with testimony acknowledging people for different reasons other than an adrenaline rush.
those addicted to the rush adrenaline produces when taking risks or facing danger
An idea or affliction causing suffering
ignore internal warning signs
Our natural resistance to risk
Trait linked to our DNA
Condition in which stimulation drastically
affects a person’s behavior
Live Like Larry
Paragraph 3: “Dr. Brymer found that, although the image of those who take part in extreme sports was that of risk-takers and adrenaline junkies, the opposite was true.”
What does it Say / Mean / Matter?
You’ve identified some important facts or points from each of the articles in the previous activity.
In groups, and using the following table, discuss what the facts and points actually “mean” in regards to the issue, and why or how it is important to the issue. After a bit, we’ll be sharing our findings….
Wingsuit flying is dangerous
Be very experienced in a related sport before trying
Implies that people need to make up their own mind if this is for them or not
“Solemn Warning” Jones Paragraph 9
“It is an inherently dangerous sport, but a sport participated in by people with huge skydiving experience…”
“Camp for kids with autism….”, Para. 24
Doesn’t want them to struggle too much
He wants them to achieve difficult goals, but not push themselves too far
Shows he has the kids’ best interests in mind.
“Gilstrap wants campers to struggle, but only so much.”
Does anyone remember recently talking about words that have a negative or positive connotation?
“Loaded words” are words or phrases that reveal an author’s bias on an issue or point in a text.
Reveals some in society may have a negative connotation towards extreme sports participation
People who crave adrenaline
In groups, scan through the articles and see if you can find
more loaded words. Find at least two per article!
2. What is the issue or problem being addressed?
3. Author’s supporting evidence
4. Now draw a line where the Conclusion begins.
Sequential – gives background information on Robson, his qualifications, then the facts behind his death.
Problem/ solution – autism is defined; kids are mentioned that are diagnosed with it; how the camps benefits (effects) them is discussed.
Cause and Effect. States beliefs of why people participate in extreme sports, then states results of study to prove/disprove.
Now that you’ve seen how headings work, we’re going to provide headings for the articles that don’t have them.
Directions: Support at least two of the unique headings you created yesterday by completing a graphic organizer with words or phrases from the text that are the evidence on which you based your heading.
I didn’t make you a graphic organizer. You have to create your own – so there.
For the other circles, choose an active verb from the word bank that best describes what you feel to be the author’s intent; then, provide the words and phrases from the text you based your claim on. Use quotation marks to identify the author’s specific words.
This will help you to give credit to others’ words when you use them to make and support your own points in your writing later.
Active Verb Word Bank:
informs, persuades, denies, argues, justifies, elaborates, introduces, concludes…
HEADING: Risk: Missing The Point
BASIS FOR VERB:“research”
“different framework from traditional understanding”
Sometimes starting a sentence is the most difficult part of writing. Especially when you are talking about something from a source and you have to differentiate from your own “voice.”
You might also be in the position of comparing or contrasting different sources - so how do you get those differing “voices” to have a “conversation?”
These sentence starters will help you include key facts and information from an article into your own words. This will give your writing ethos, or credibility. However, when you use the words of others, you must give them credit for their own writing and work.
The following are examples of sentence starters for “Extreme Sports Not About Risk Taking: Study”..
• Dr. Brymer states that…
• He also argues that…
• It is also clear that Dr. Brymer believes…
• While Dr. Brymer found that…
The following are generic sentence starters you may wish to use:
• The issue of ______ has several different perspectives.
• While some experts disagree on what to do about...
These starters help you introduce ideas from particular writers:
• Noted researcher (author’s name here) argues that . . .
• In a groundbreaking article, (author’s name here) states that . . .
• According to (author’s name here) . . .
Contrary or opposing views can be signaled by these sentence starters:
• However, the data presented by Dr. Phil McGraw shows . . .
• On the other hand, Terry T. Teacher believes . .
These sentence starters help you to add your own voice to your writing:
• Although some argue for ______, others argue for ______. In my view . . .
• Though researchers disagree, clearly . . .
So let’s come up with our own sentence starters! For example…
•Look at the article “Camp for Kids with Autism Offers Extreme Therapy.” With your elbow partner, come up with three sentence starters.
Look at the article “Camp for Kids with Autism Offers Extreme Therapy”
Want me to show you? I’d LOVE to!
“Wingsuit flying and BASE jumping probably the most dangerous of all.”
Lola Jones states that…
Lola Jones states that “wingsuit flying and BASE jumping probably the most dangerous of all.”
We’re not there yet – this isn’t quite right. We have to make the quote fit and create a more complete statement.
We can keep the quote intact and add a phrase to help complete its context, like:
All extreme sports carry some element of risk, however Lola Jones states that “wingsuit flying and BASE jumping probably the most dangerous of all.”
Or we can edit within the quote – something like: Lola Jones states that “wingsuit flying and BASE jumping [are] probably the most dangerous [extreme sports] of all.”
“Camp for Kids with Autism Offers Extreme Therapy”
“Security is a kind of death.”
- Tennessee Williams
“Beware the hobby that eats.”
- Benjamin Franklin
Let’s move on….
The article “Extreme Sports Not About Risk-taking: Study” makes four claims:
The author appears to be qualified to report on the subject. He obtained his information from a highly knowledgeable source, Dr. Brymer, a doctor and lecturer from the School of Human Movement Studies in the Faculty of Health. I feel he could be more credible if the author informed us what company or university the doctor is affiliated with and how long he has been conducting his research.
I do not feel there is any manipulation on the part of the author. The author has a very neutral or unbiased tone throughout the article; he uses several direct quotes from Dr. Brymer without including any of his own opinions or conclusions. He even ends the article with a quote from Dr. Brymer leaving him to have the last word.
This has been answered above. Dr. Brymer appears to be a reliable, expert source. The author did not really rely too much on his opinion because the article was primarily about Dr. Brymer’s study.
“One thing that came up was that they realize people see them as risk-takers, but they do not see themselves that way at all, and they cited the road as a comparison, saying that crossing the road or driving was more risky.”
- “Extreme Sports Not About Risk-Taking: Study” (Paragraph 9)
You can create a chart, if you think it might be helpful, to answer these questions.
Answer the following: