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POPC. UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA PRESIDENT’S OFFICE, PLANNING COMMISSION. THE TANZANIA FIVE YEAR DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2011/12-2015/20 16. Unleashing Tanzania’s Latent Growth Potentials. 1. POPC. PRESENTATION LAYOUT. Introduction Goals and Objectives Key Priorities Financing the Plan
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UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA
PRESIDENT’S OFFICE, PLANNING COMMISSION
THE TANZANIA FIVE YEAR DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2011/12-2015/2016
Unleashing Tanzania’s Latent Growth Potentials
FYDP is a document endorsed by the Government in 2011 for purposes of implementing the TDV 2025 for the period 2011/12 to 2015/2016.
The Plan is the first in a series of three Five Year Development Plans, whose objective is to unleash Tanzania’s growth potentials and transform the economy into a middle –income country by 2025;
With the FYDP I, Tanzania is reverting to the practice of defining a roadmap toward its development aspirations, with specific indicators of progress to facilitate monitoring and evaluation.
The Plan has targeted a GDP growth rate of 8% on average for the next five years, which can be assimilated to the country’s “take-off period” to about 10% on average from 2016 to 2025.
Conditions for the success of FYDP include:
promoting macroeconomic stability,
ensuring environmental sustainability,
a conducive business environment,
good political and economic governance,
aggressive investment promotion and proper land use planning and
property rights management.
Five core priorities have been targeted under the Plan’s strategy to unleash Tanzania’s latent growth potentials.
The priorities are:
Infrastructure: energy, transport infrastructure (port, railway, roads, air transport), water and sanitation and ICT;
Agriculture: transformation of agriculture for food self-sufficiency and export, development of irrigation particularly in selected agricultural corridors, and high value crops including horticulture, floriculture, spices, vineyards etc.;
Industrial development: industries that use locally produced raw materials such as textiles, fertilizer, cement, coal, iron and steel, as well as development of special economic zones, using public-private partnerships;
Human capital and skills development: emphasis on science, technology and innovation; and
Tourism, trade and financial services.
The Plan identifies a range of strategic activities, the responsible organs and the cost of implementation amounting approximately to TShs 43.25 trillion over the next five years,
an average of TShs. 8.6 trillion per annum exclusive of recurrent budget,
of which TShs. 2.7 trillion will have to be mobilized annually by the Government.
The plan proposes alternative and quite innovative sources of development finance.
[See FYDP pp 84-90].
The implementation of will be the responsibility of MDAs, Regions and Local Government Authorities as well as the non-state actors (including the private sector).
MDAs will initiate specific projects and programmes aimed at reaching the stipulated goals and results.
Programme and project selection by the MDAs, Regions and Local Government Authorities will be required to comply with FYDP priorities.
It will be the responsibility of local Governments and sectoral ministries to ensure that the priorities identified by communities and sectors, respectively, are in line with the national priorities.
The FYDP distinguish itself from other policy initiatives in the following four major areas:
A shift from needs-based planning, which is based on available resources, to opportunity-based planning, which requires thinking beyond the resource constraints;
A shift from sector-based prioritization to intervention prioritization, with strong emphasis on implementation effectiveness, with detailed actionable programmes and activities for carrying out the strategies;
Strong emphasis on growth, while grandfathering gains in social service delivery, and at the same time gradually focusing on human resources in terms of skills development for dynamic labour markets;
Scaling-up the role and participation of the private sector in economic growth, by improving the business climate to efficiently use the factors of production, investing in people and infrastructure development, and sustaining achievements in socio-economic progress.
The FYDP brings together various national development initiatives into a unified and coherent framework. ;
The FYDP distinguishes itself by:
being aligned to the realization of the TDV 2025;
having strategic prioritization of intervention ; and
being ambitions for which financial resources are means and not deterrent.
The FYDP provides what was the missing link in the previous national development planning frameworks towards coherent implementation of the national development agenda outline in the TDV2025.
The key national development intervention which includes NSGRP II, Sectoral and regional Strategic Plans has to be in line with FYDP priorities.
Medium term plan will continue to provide a guiding principal and strategic interventions to the realization of the TDV 2025 development aspiration.
In so doing, MKUKUTA will remain the tool for poverty eradication in the implementation of the FYDP;.