The Presidency. Standard. SSCG13: The student will describe the qualifications for becoming President of the United States. Duties of the President.
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The constitutional duties of the nation’s first president, George Washington, and those of a modern president are much the same. However, presidents today have enormous power and responsibility.
Among the duties of the president are:
3 Makes treaties with the advice and consent of the Senate
4 Meets with heads of state
5 Hosts foreign officials
These requirements are found in Article II, Section I of the Constitution. The same requirements apply to the vice president. Why?
The Constitution gives the vice president only two duties.
1) The vice president presides over the
Senate as President of the Senate and vote
in that house in case of a tie.
2) The vice president helps decide if the
president is disabled and acts as
president should that occur.
Vice President Joe Biden
Andrew Jackson 43%
John Q. Adams 30.5%
Jackson 99 votes
* Adams elected by House of Representatives when Jackson did not receive a majority of the Electoral votes
Samuel Tilden 51%
R. B. Hayes 48%
Grover Cleveland 48.5 %
Benjamin Harrison 47.8 %
Albert Gore 48.7%
George W. Bush 48.5%
1. The framers of the Constitution feared direct democracy. Hamilton and the other founders did not trust the population to make the right choice.
“election should be made by men most capable of analyzing the qualities adapted to the station” – James Madison
2. The founding fathers wanted to protect the interests of smaller states and rural areas
3. The Electoral College helps give everyone a say in the election by creating a balance between heavily populated areas that may not share the same concerns as other regions in the country
The number of electors for each state is based on
# of senators + # of representatives
Georgia has 16 Electoral votes
All states have a minimum of 3 electoral votes
The party that wins a state gets to cast all of the electoral votes. This is known as a Winner Take-all System(2 exceptions: Maine & Nebraska)
The Presidential Electors meet in their respective state capitols in December, 41 days following the election, at which time they cast their electoral votes. Thus the "electoral college" never meets as one national body.
Candidates must receive a majority of the electoral vote to be declared the President-elect or Vice-President-elect
435 U.S. Representatives
100 U.S. Senators
= 535 electoral votes
+ 3 electoral votes (Washington D.C.)
= 538 total electoral votes (majority: 270)
If no candidate for President receives an absolute electoral majority 270 votes out of the 538 possible, then the House of Representatives is required to go into session immediately to vote for President. (an even split would be 269 votes)
As of 2012, the House of Representatives has elected the President on two occasions, in 1801 (Thomas Jefferson) and in 1825 ( John Quincy Adams).
The Employment Act of 1946 expanded the president’s role as economic planner by
The Twenty-fifth Amendment sets forth a series of rules to be followed when a president is disabled. The amendment provides that the vice president becomes acting president under one of the following two conditions:
1) if the president informs Congress of his or her inability
to perform the duties of the office
2) if the vice president and a majority of the cabinet or
another body authorized by law informs Congress that the
president is unable to perform the duties of the office
The provisions of this amendment allow the president to resume the powers and duties of president at any time by simply notifying Congress that the disability no longer exists. If the vice president, a majority of the cabinet or other authorized body disagrees with this assessment, Congress has to settle the dispute within 21 days. Unless the Congress decides in favor of the vice president by a 2/3’s vote in each house, the president may resume office.