Aim: Why did the world feel it was necessary to create a Jewish homeland? Do Now: Why is it important to have a nationality? HW: Pretend you are either an Israeli or Arab historian. In a brief paragraph, give an explanation of the conflict.
Israel becomes a state • Palestine now consists of Israel, the West Bank and the ____________. • This land belonged to the Jews 3,000 years ago, when Jewish Kings ruled the __________ Jerusalem. • To ______________ (both Muslim and Christian), the land has belonged to them since the Jews were driven out around 135 AD. Gaza Strip Region Palestinians
Continued • After being forced out of their ____________, Jewish people were unable to establish their own nation. • The global dispersal of the Jews is know as ______________. • _____________ are people who favored a Jewish homeland. homeland Diaspora Zionist
Israel and Arab States in Conflict • In 1917, Britain issued the ___________________, which pledged to support a Jewish homeland. • However, this deepened _________ in the Middle East. • There was a __________ of Jews to Palestine, especially after the horrors of the _____________. Balfour Declaration tensions migration Holocaust
Jews & Arabs in Palestine, 1920 • In 1920, there was 1 Jew toevery 10 Arabs inPalestine. • By 1947, the ratio was 2 Arabs forevery Jew. The Arabs felt that they were loosing control of their “country!”
The Birth of Israel • After Britain withdrew in 1948, Jews ______________ the independent state of Israel. • The US and Soviet Union both recognized Israel. • Arab states, however, ___________ a military attack on the new nation. proclaimed launched
The Nazi Holocaust • 6,000,00 Jews killed by the Nazis [1/2 in the concentration camps.]