Gestalt psychology Figure-ground segregation. How do we organize visual information?. Gestalt laws of organization “Gestalt” means “whole.” Organizational principles: Similarity Proximity Continuity And more (see the textbook). Tell me what you see. Tell me what you see.
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How do we organize visual information? • Gestalt laws of organization • “Gestalt” means “whole.” • Organizational principles: • Similarity • Proximity • Continuity • And more (see the textbook)
Perception is not just detection • Perception is not just about detecting color or shape. • Perception is about organizing visual information. • How do we organize visual information?
Law of similarity Similar things are put together
Do you see a sofa? Do you see a blouse and a blue skirt? Do you see 3 musicians? Why? Why not? Do you see a table?
Law of proximity • Things that are close to each other are put together.
Law of good continuity We tend to put things together when they show nice continuity.
Do you see a spinal motion? This picture is called “Dance.” Do you see why?
Which one if the figure and which is the ground? Depending on the locus of attention, the figure and the ground switch rapidly. Attention plays some role in determining the figure and the ground.
The figure represents “some thing.” • The contours belong to the figure rather than to the ground.
Which one if the figure and which is the ground? This is easy. The figure tends to have solid and continuous surface.
Which one if the figure and which is the ground? Symmetric items tend to be seen as a figure.
What did you see? Some arrows and what? Do you see something else? Meaningful items are seen as figure