The Hispanic/Latino Community: Partnering to Combat Domestic Violence - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. The Hispanic/Latino Community: Partnering to Combat Domestic Violence Barbara Seitz de Martinez -- Indiana Prevention Resource Center Gloria Belange King -- Hispanic Health Project, Wishard Hospital Kimber Nicoletti -- CARe Initiative Denise Rodriguez -- Center of Hope, Wishard Hospital 2005 Many Voices One Vision Conference Convention Center Indianapolis, Indiana August 2, 2005 The Indiana Prevention Resource Center at Indiana University is funded in part by a contract with the Indiana Family and Social Services Administration, Division of Mental Health and Addiction.

  2. Organization of Presentation -- The Community: Background and Statistics -- Risk Factors: Vulnerabilities and Cultural Characteristics -- Solutions: Introducing the Latino Coalition Against Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Thanks to the Center for Substance Abuse’s Hispanic Initiative for the black and white photos used throughout this presentation.

  3. Part I: The Community Indiana’sHispanic/LatinoPopulation Background & Statistical

  4. Latino vs. Non-L Population Growth The United States Hispanic Leadership Institute, The Almanac of Latino Politics 2002 & 2004 (Chicago, 2002): 1. Source 2000 Census. U.S. Census SF3 and AGS 2004 est. (2005)

  5. Indiana’s Hispanics/Latinos, 2000 Total Population: 2000: 214,536 RED=Most, Greens, Dark (More)  Light (Least)

  6. Indiana’s Hispanics/Latinos, 2003 Top 10 Counties, Hispanic/Latino Population (No.) Percent of Total Population: 4.1 %

  7. Indiana’s Hispanics/Latinos, 2004 Total Population: 2002: 236,733 2004: 255,755 AGS 2004 (2005) Count

  8. Indiana’s Hispanics/Latinos, 2009 Total Population: 2002: 236,733 2004: 255,755 2009: 307,290 Percent

  9. Hispanic/Latino Pop Growth 2004-9 Total Population: 2002: 236,733 2004: 255,755 2009: 307,290 Indiana Growth 20%

  10. Indiana’s Hispanics/Latinos U.S. Census Bureau; AGS, Core Demographics, 2000 (2001); 2004 est. (2005)

  11. Indiana’s Hispanics/Latinos, 2003 Top 10 Counties, Hispanic/Latino Population (No.) Total Population: 253,697

  12. Indiana’s Hispanics/Latinos, 2003 Top 10 Counties, Hispanic/Latino Population (%) % of Total Pop: 4.1%

  13. IN’s Cities w/ Most Latinos, 2003 IN Places 6.4% AGS, Core Demographics, 2003 est. (2004)

  14. IN’s Cities w/ Most Latinos, 2003 IN Places 6.4% AGS, Core Demographics, 2003 est. (2004)

  15. Indianapolis Hispanic/Latino Population Growth 1990-2003 • 6th highest city (299% growth to 2000) • from 1% to 4.1% of population The United States Hispanic Leadership Institute, The Almanac of Latino Politics 2002 & 2004 (Chicago, 2002): 7.

  16. Recent Immigration • Est. 14.5 million foreign born Latinos in 2000 • Up from 1.8 m in 1970 • Average immigration of 500,000 persons each year • Over half (51%) of U.S. foreign born population was born in Latin America in 2000 • Up from 9% in 1960 The United States Hispanic Leadership Institute, The Almanac of Latino Politics 2002 & 2004 (Chicago, 2002): 13.

  17. Hispanic/Latino Diversity • Racial • Cultural • Religious • Linguistic • Socioeconomic

  18. Chican@s Puerto Ricanos Borriqua Hispan@s Mexicans Mexican-Americans Cuban@s South Americans Hispanoparlantes Hispanic Central Americans Hispanic/Latinos: Why are there so many different terms?

  19. A Peek at Latin@ Culture • Latin@s come from 20 plus countries. • According to 2002 Census, One in Eight people in the U.S is of Hispanic origin. • Spanish is the second most common language in the United States. • 53% Latino Youth graduate high school. • 77% of Latinos in the U.S. are Catholic.

  20. A Peek into Latin@ Culture • Personalismo • Familismo • Collectivismo • Traditional Gender Roles

  21. Barriers The National Violence Against Women Survey found that Latin@ women were less likely to report rape victimization than non-Latin@ women.

  22. Cultural Values Taboos around sexuality Gender role issues Importance of family/community

  23. Language Barriers Women in general and even bilingual youth may still have preference for first language when dealing with sensitive topics.

  24. Dialect • Acculturation • Attitude • Awareness

  25. Distrust of the system/police Lack of Service/culturally appropriate services Lack of sensitivity training for police

  26. Hispanic/Latino Characteristics IN Places 6.4% AGS Indiana, 2003: Core Demographic

  27. Risk Factors (DV and SA) • Mobility (Recent Immigration and Migration) • Cultural Values and Acculturation • Distrust of the system/police • Lack of Support System • Poverty • High Risk Jobs • No Health Insurance • Depression • Language Barrier - Awareness • Educational Background - Awareness

  28. Risk Factor: Mobility • Statistics • Recent Immigration • Marion Co: 50% here 0-2 years (2000) • Marion Co: 88% foreign born • Migration (migrant farmers, etc.) • Effects • Stress, lack of support group,

  29. Risk Factor: Isolation • Stats • Recent Immigration • Mobility in general • Effects Stress Lack of Support System Difficulty knowing about and accessing resources

  30. Risk Factor: Poverty • Statistics • 56% in unskilled jobs (working poor) • Per capita income less than for Non-H W or Afr-Am • Rate for H/Latinos 3x higher than for non-Hisp (e.g., 8% for Whites; 22.8% for Hispanics) • Effects • Stress • Crowding (> 1/3 in “shared housing”) • 90% rent

  31. Risk Factor: High Risk Jobs • Statistics • Deaths on the job about 20% higher than for Non-Hispanics (BLS) • Effects • Stress • Health costs • Lack of Income

  32. Risk Factor: No Health Insurance • Statistics • 34% of total Hispanic/Latino population • 29% of all Hispanic/Latino children • 30% of all poor Hispanic/Latino children • Effects • Reluctance to seek medical assistance • Poor health status, stress

  33. In U.S., 16% (~43 million) lack health insurance Insurance Barriers to Health Source: Census 2000.

  34. Health Disparities • AIDS (Men>3x, Women>5x more likely) • Diabetes (IL, 45-54 yrs, 15.9% vs 4.6%) • Self-rated poor health (28.9% vs 14%)

  35. Risk Factor: Depression • Statistics • Depression from isolation, poverty, stress • Effects • General negative health impact • Irritability, substance abuse

  36. Risk Factor: Language Barrier • Statistics • Marion Co: 88% foreign born • Marion Co: 50% 0-2 years here • Marion Co: 1st generation residents • Effects • Reluctance to see health care • Barriers to quality health care, lack of translators

  37. Risk Factor: Low Literacy • Statistics • Marion Co: 60% have less than HS education • Effects • Difficulty accessing resources • Economic difficulty

  38. Educational Barriers to Health Care Census 2000.

  39. Insurance Language Status - Fear Mobility Economic Policy - Fear Health Care System Acculturation Education Barriers to Health Care

  40. Shame Fear and Anxiety Traumatic Reactions Alliance w/ Batterer Parentification Aggression Rage Depression Runaways Delinquency Dating Violence Impacts of DV on Children O’Keefe, Maura and Shirley Lebovics, “Adolescents from Maritally Violent Homes,” Prevention Researcher 12/1 (Feb. 2005):3-7.

  41. Need Help? Source: Domestic Violence Network of Greater Indianapolis, www.dvngi.org

  42. Need Help? Source: National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, www.ncadv.org

  43. Need Help? Source: Domestic Violence Network of Greater Indianapolis, www.dvngi.org

  44. Need Help? Source: Domestic Violence Network of Greater Indianapolis, www.dvngi.org

  45. Statistics : DV • Nationally: 25% of women sexually assaulted • Marion County: • 100,000+ at some pt in life • 3,000 sought protective order • 5,500 reports of domestic violence to LE • Nationally: 3+ killed daily • Indiana: 64 deaths by DV in 12 mos. Source: Domestic Violence Network of Greater Indianapolis, www.dvngi.org

  46. Statistics : Domestic Homicide • Nationally: 3+ killed daily • Indiana: 64 deaths by DV in 12 mos. Source: Domestic Violence Network of Greater Indianapolis, www.dvngi.org

  47. Statistics : Violence and Youth • Nationally: 1 in 5 females in HS • Marion Co: perhaps > 10,000, 15-24, in 1 yr. Source: Domestic Violence Network of Greater Indianapolis, www.dvngi.org

  48. Introducing

  49. LC: Homepage

  50. LC: History