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Racial Disparities

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  1. Racial Disparities How racial status impacts education, employment, health, and life itself

  2. Race question (1990 Census) 7. Is this person of Spanish/Hispanic origin? No Yes: Circle one of the following: Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Other

  3. Race question (2000 Census) Current considerations

  4. 2000 Census Demographics, by race

  5. 2000 Census breakdown of the Asian American and Pacific Islander population (total = 3.7%)

  6. 2000 Census breakdown of the Hispanic American population (total = 12.5%)

  7. Population shares

  8. Immigration Population: 1850-2009

  9. Legal Immigration to the United States

  10. Historical Census Statistics on the Foreign-Born Populationof the United States, 1970-2004; Current Population Survey

  11. Foreign Born Concentrations in the U.S., 2000

  12. U.S. population growth due to immigration

  13. Population growth attributed to Non-Whites Here’s Chicago

  14. The New Face of America? “There's not a Black America and White America and Latino America and Asian America; there's the United States of America.” Barack Obama, 2004 Democratic National Convention

  15. Part III: Racial Disparities • Education, Employment and Income • Health Services • Media Coverage • Criminal Justice • Life Expectancy

  16. Education, Employment, and Income

  17. More recent data

  18. Latest College Graduate data from CFED

  19. Recent data from Pew

  20. Estimated lifetime earnings by race and education Read the full Georgetown 2011 College Payoff report

  21. Home Ownership by Race U.S. Census, 2009 Latest home ownership data from CFED More racial economic data and information is available at the Center for Community Economic Development website Recent Pew Data

  22. Unfair Lending Practicesfrom Center for Community Economic Development fact sheet

  23. Bank lending practices (1991)

  24. Economic data Chicago Metro Champaign/Urbana Source: Diversitydata.org (compiled by Harvard University) http://diversitydata.sph.harvard.edu/Data/Profiles/Show.aspx?loc=308

  25. Latest poverty rates data from CFED Recent Pew Data

  26. Health

  27. Distribution lacking health insurance by race and ethnicity (2004) Latest uninsured data from CFED The higher uninsured rate for Hispanics is not associated with higher poverty levels than other groups — the poverty rate for Hispanics is slightly lower than for African-Americans, 22.2% vs. 24.9% respectively. Rather, research has shown that Hispanics are more likely to be employed in jobs that do not offer health insurance…but when offered health insurance they accept at the same rates at whites and blacks (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services)

  28. Institute of Medicine 2002 report on ethnic and racial disparities in health care

  29. Race and Mental Health

  30. Media Bias

  31. Setting the national agenda

  32. Media bias in coverage of Hurricane Katrina? http://www.snopes.com/photos/katrina/looters.asp

  33. The Criminal Justice system

  34. A matter of opinion? Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics 2000, Table 2.29

  35. “Driving While Black” • Black men are 35 percent more likely than white men to report being stopped by police for a traffic violation. • No difference between black and white women in reported stops. • About 66% of blacks thought there was a legitimate reason for the police to stop their car, compared to 80% of whites. • About 79% of blacks thought the police acted properly during the traffic stop, compared to 88% of whites. Data from national sample of 7,034 people stopped by police in previous 12 months (Lundman and Kaufman, 2003)

  36. Racial Profiling: Illinois Data

  37. Racial Profiling: Champaign-Urbana

  38. Racial Profiling: University of Illinois

  39. Racial Profiling: Illinois 6 YR Averages

  40. LAPD data (Ayres and Borowsky, 2008) The data show “prima facie evidence that African Americans and Hispanics are over-stopped, over-frisked, over-searched, and over-arrested.” Specifically, when stopped by police Black drivers are • 127% more likely to be frisked • 76% more likely to have their vehicle searched • 29% more likely to be arrested relative to their White counterparts.

  41. LAPD data (Ayres and Borowsky, 2008) • Frisked African Americans are 42.3% less likely to be found with a weapon than frisked Whites and that frisked Hispanics are 31.8% less likely to have a weapon than frisked non-Hispanic Whites. • Consensual searches of Blacks are 37.0% less likely to uncover weapons, 23.7% less likely to uncover drugs and 25.4% less likely to uncover anything else. • Consensual searches of Hispanics similarly are 32.8% less likely to uncover weapons, 34.3% less likely to uncover drugs and 12.3% less likely to uncover anything else.

  42. Incarceration rates by race Source: Statistics as of June 30, 2004 from Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 2004, Tables 1, 14 and 15 and U.S. Census.

  43. Incarceration rates by race (cont.) Source: Statistics as of June 30, 2004 from Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 2004, Tables 1, 14 and 15 and U.S. Census.

  44. Juveniles in adult prisons Bureau of Justice Statistics, Profile of State Prisoners Under Age 18, 1985-1997 (Peter Wagner, 2003)

  45. Racial disparities in Illinois Nearly two thirds (64 percent) of the state's 45,629 prisoners in 2001 were African-American, a percentage more than four timers greater than blacks' share of Illinois' population.

  46. Incarceration rates over 75 years Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics, 2000, Table 6.23.

  47. Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie Note: All cases are reported only under the most serious offense. For example, a person who is serving prison time for both murder and a drug offense would be reported only in the murder portion of the chart.

  48. Incarceration vs Drug Use