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Skin cancer. By Tord Høgsand and Magnus Sundstrøm. Types of skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma Shape: Raised , smooth Basal layer Sun-exposed skin Most common Least deadly. Types of skin cancer. Squamous cell carcinoma Shape: Red, crusted Ulceration and bleeding

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skin cancer

Skin cancer

By Tord Høgsand and Magnus Sundstrøm

types of skin cancer
Types of skin cancer
  • Basal cellcarcinoma
    • Shape: Raised, smooth
    • Basal layer
    • Sun-exposed skin
    • Most common
    • Least deadly
types of skin cancer1
Types of skin cancer
  • Squamouscellcarcinoma
    • Shape: Red, crusted
    • Ulceration and bleeding
    • Squamouslayer
    • Sun-exposed skin
    • Rapidlygrowing
    • Second most common
    • More deadlythan BCC
types of skin cancer2
Types of skin cancer
  • Melanoma
    • Shape: Asymmetrical, irregular border
    • Develop in melanocytes
    • > 6 mm in diameter
    • Brown/black
    • Most deadly
    • Randomdistribution
    • ”ABCDE”
    • 23rd most commoncauseof cancer deathsworldwide
risks and c auses
Risks and causes
  • Exposure to UV-light
    • Sun light, sun beds
  • Chronicnon-healingwounds
    • Candevelopintosquamouscellcarcinoma
  • Weakened immune system
  • Genetic factors
  • Moles
    • Numerous and abnormal
prevention
Prevention
  • Reduceexposure to sunlight, avoidsunburning
  • Useofsunscreen
  • Protectiveclothing
    • Sunglasses, hats
prognosis and t reatment
Prognosis and treatment
  • Prognosis
    • BCC and SCC – less than 0,5 %
    • Melanoma – 15-20 %
    • Dependsonthe time ofdiagnosis
  • Surgicalremoval
    • Cryotherapy
  • Radiotherapy
    • In case ofspreading
epidemiology
Epidemiology
  • 80.000 deaths per year (2010)
    • BCC & SCC – 40 %
    • Melanoma – 60 %
  • Australia, Southern Africa, NorthernEurope
sources
Sources
  • http://www.stylingyou.com.au/2012/11/spf-50-sunscreen-now-in-australia/
  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18348450
  • http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/melanoma/MM00788
  • http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/skin-cancer/DS00190
  • http://www.skincancer.org/skin-cancer-information/basal-cell-carcinoma
  • http://www.hudlegekontoret.no/kategorier/sykdommer/foeflekkreft
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skin_cancer#Basal_cell_carcinoma