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The Middle Ages. 500 to 1500 fall of Rome to modern era aka Dark Ages Key events: revival of learning under Charlemagne, breakup of Charlemagne’s empire & return to Dark Ages , end of Dark Ages , slow return of learning (scholasticism), & Renaissance. The Middle Ages.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
The Middle Ages
  • 500 to 1500
  • fall of Rome to modern era
  • aka Dark Ages
  • Key events: revival of learning under Charlemagne, breakup of Charlemagne’s empire & return to Dark Ages, end of Dark Ages, slow return of learning (scholasticism), & Renaissance
slide2
The Middle Ages

what is so important about the year 1000?

Early Middle Middle Middle

Late or High Middle

  • millenia fear
  • importance of the church  Christendom
the middle ages
The Middle Ages
  • Early Christian church in Europe
  • little organization at beginning
  • no distinction between laity & clergy
  • need arises for organization as church grows
  • two officials  presbyter (elder) & bishop (overseer)
  • by 100s, presbyters (later known as priests) answer to bishops
  • local churches administered by priests
  • several churches make up diocese – run by bishop
  • several diocese adm. by archbishop  modeled after Rome
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The Middle Ages
  • Growth of monasticism
  • St. Benedict
  • monk  lives apart from worldly concerns
  • prayer & labor
  • early monasteries adm. by abbot
  • - provide important function in medieval world
  • social worker  care for sick & poor
  • schools – centers of learning
  • role model
  • transcription
  • kept alive European culture
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The Middle Ages
  • But before we keep talking about the role of the church, we need to talk about…
  • The Franks (great name)
  • 300s on  Rome was a mess!
  • invaders, bad gov’t, etc.
  • 476 – last Roman emperor replaced by German king  Odoacer
  • Franks settle in northern Gaul or known as France today
  • first king – Clovis
  • unite Franks
  • converts to Christianity
  • begins Merovingian line of kings
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The Middle Ages
  • Merovingian kings – Do-Nothing Kings
  • problems: succession, Mayors of the Palace
  • Charles Martel – the Hammer!
  • Mayor of the Palace
  • 732  defeats Muslims at Tours
  • son  Pepin the Short
  • Seizes kingdom – 751 – Carolingian line of kings
  • helps pope remove threat of Lombards
  • rewarded by pope proclaiming Pepin “king by the grace of God”
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The Middle Ages
  • Donation of Pepin - takes land from around Rome and gives it to the Pope
  • accomplishes 3 things:
    • create long-lasting alliance between the Franks and the pope that greatly benefited both sides
    • Pope looks west for help rather than east
    • established precedent where pope confers right to rule onto the king
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The Middle Ages
  • Charlemagne – Charles the Great
  • 768-814
  • expands Frankish empire to most of western and central Europe
  • 3 great achievements (maybe 4)
  • Military
  • - conquers Lombards in Italy
  • - Avars in central Europe
  • - Saxons in Germany
  • - drives Muslims back into Spain

2. Government (administration)

- each region organized into county headed by count

- missi dominici

- Aix-la-Chapelle or Aachen

- no taxes - low expenses

- each person responsible for military duty

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The Middle Ages
  • 3. Education
  • - founded palace school
  • - brought in best scholars from around Europe
  • - produce authentic and readable Bible
  • liked to have books read to him – illiterate
  • Carolingian Renaissance
  • 4. Crowned Emperors of the Romans
  • solidifies relationship between Franks and papacy
  • - established empire in the model of the old Roman Empire  Holy Roman Empire
  • - with the church’s blessing
the middle ages7
The Middle Ages
  • Charlemagne dies 814
  • empire divided by 3 grandsons
    • Treaty of Verdun (843)
    • Charles the Bald (France), Lothair (middle kingdom), & Louis the German (Germany)
  • begin fighting amongst themselves
  • - Difficult to hold together divided kingdoms
  • division allowed invaders to come
  • north – Vikings south – Muslims east- Magyars
  • begin the Dark Ages again – end of Carolingian Renaissance
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