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Chapter 17. Manifest Destiny and its Legacy. Summary. Territorial Expansion dominates American politics in the 1840s Settlers swarm into still disputed Oregon Territory upsetting tensions with G.B Annexing Texas frustrated Mexico

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chapter 17

Chapter 17

Manifest Destiny and its Legacy

summary
Summary

Territorial Expansion dominates American politics in the 1840s

Settlers swarm into still disputed Oregon Territory upsetting tensions with G.B

Annexing Texas frustrated Mexico

Looking at California also upsets tensions between the U.S and Mexico

Newly gained lands raise questions about the spread of slavery

presidential
Presidential

Harrison contracts pneumonia very early in his presidency in 1841

He dies after only 4 weeks in the office

John Tyler is the next in line for office

A “Virginia gentleman of the old school, yet stubbornly attached to principle”

tyler
Tyler

He previously resigned from the Senate rather than accept “distasteful” instructions from Virginia legislature

He could not stand the “dictorial tactics” of Jackson

An ex-Democrat who was still largely a Democrat at heart

gone to texas
Gone to Texas

Texas was a lead issue in the Presidential campaign of 1844

Foes of expansion assailed annexation, while southern hotheads cried “Texas or Disunion”

Pro-expansion Democrats under James K. Polk triumphed over Whigs and Henry Clay

tyler s work
Tyler’s work

Tyler wanted so secure Texas and did not want to get two-thirds vote in the Senate

So he arranges for annexation by a joint resolution

Only need a simple majority now in both houses of Congress

it passed
It passed

Resolution passes in 1845 and Texas is invited to become the 28th state

Tyler as president video

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lw4eIsgp5Is&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1

manifest destiny
Manifest Destiny

“The idea that the nation had a God-given right to all of North America”

Term was first used by a newspaper editor John L. O’Sullivan

Most Americans gave little thought to how manifest destiny would affect peoples already living in regions to be added to the United States

tyler a president without a party
Tyler: A President without a party

Whigs get big victory and their platform is one of nationalism

Financial reform comes first

Whigs wanted to pass a law ending the independent treasury system

What did we learn about James Polk and what he later wants to do?

slide12

Clay next drives through Congress a bill for a new Bank of the United States

Tyler does not want this however, and he vetoes the bill on practical and constitutional grounds

A drunken mob gathers late at night near the White House and wants the to do away with the vetoe

slide13

Whigs are stunned by his veto

So Whigs pass another bill providing for a “Fiscal Corporation”

But the president vetoes this as well!

Democrats are very happy about this

Whig extremists condemn Tyler and he even gets death threats

slide14

A serious attempt to impeach him was brought to the House of Representatives

Another bill is passed on tariffs and Tyler does not like a protective tariff, but he knows theres a need for additional revenue

So he signs it into law in 1842