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Unit 7 Making a Living. Pre-reading Task. Why does Onetta think it worthwhile to work hard day after day? People need her; some people care for her; she keeps her integrity by working hard. Would you rather have a low-paid job that is interesting or a well-paid job that is boring?.

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Unit 7

Making a Living

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

pre reading task
Pre-reading Task
  • Why does Onetta think it worthwhile to work hard day after day?
  • People need her; some people care for her; she keeps her integrity by working hard.
  • Would you rather have a low-paid job that is interesting or a well-paid job that is boring?

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

the author
The Author
  • Tom Hallman, Jr., 45, has worked at The Oregonian for 19 years.
  • He was a Pulitzer Prize finalist in reporting in 1995 and feature writing in 1999 and in 2001.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

the boy behind the mask
The Boy behind the Mask
  • He won the 2001 Pulitzer Prize for Feature Writing for his series of articles in The Oregonian on Sam Lightner.The series Sam: The Boy Behind the Mask tells the true, heart-wrenching story of Sam Lightner. Born with a rare disfiguring growth that covers and distorts the left side of his face, skull, and neck--Sam is determined to live a normal life.
text structure
Text Structure
  • Please scan the text to see if there is any natural division of parts in the text.
  • Asterisks divide the text into 4 parts.
  • Please read the first paragraph of each part, locate the time words or references to time.
  • They are 5:45, 7:45, “This is the moment he’s been preparing for since 5:45 a.m.”, after 7 p.m..

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

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Part 1
    • Paras 1-7 early morning
    • Preparation for the day’s work
  • Part 2
    • Paras 8-25 mid-morning
    • On his way to work

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

slide7
Part 3
    • Paras 26-62 day
    • Door-to-door selling
  • Part 4
    • Paras 63-84 evening
    • Paper work

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

slide8
The text is a description of a typical day in the life of Bill Porter and also a portrayal of his whole life. To do so, the author skillfully inserts flashbacks of past events and experiences in at least two places. Could you find them?

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

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Flashback 1
    • Paras 11-20
    • his disability, his schooling, and his hard struggle to make a living for himself
  • Flashback 2
    • Paras 71
    • his back surgery and the selling of his house

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

role play
Role Play:

Two student will act as salespersons. All other students will act as their potential customers.

They will leave the classroom, think of a product to sell, and plan their sales talk, the product should be relevant to campus life.

The salespersons have 10 minutes to close a deal.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

thinking about
Thinking about
  • Do you have any experiences of being a salesperson? Have you ever sold things to others or been persuaded to buy something?
  • What are the qualities of being a good salesman?

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

text analysis
Text Analysis

This article first appeared in a newspaper; therefore it carries many characteristics of journalistic writing.

First of all, a journalist tries to be objective in reporting. As a result, third-person narrative is usually preferred over first-person narrative. Moreover, the journalist would not make any comments to reveal his/her feelings, but simply give the facts.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

text analysis 2
Text Analysis-2

Secondly, an eye-catching beginning helps lure readers to linger more on the story out of an overwhelming number of stories offered by the day’s newspaper. For example, at the beginning of this story, we learn that it takes our physically deformed hero great efforts to get up so as to do something important, yet what is this something? We are kept in suspense until the fourth paragraph.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

text analysis 3
Text Analysis-3

Thirdly, the vocabulary is simple, the sentences and paragraphs short, sometimes elliptical. When needs arise, a paragraph is as short as one sentence.

Lastly, conversations can be transcribed word for word if they illustrate the theme, like the one in the text between Bill Porter and his indecisive female customer.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study
Language Study
  • Linger (L1): spend a long time doing sth., esp. because one does not want to leave 磨蹭;留恋;徘徊
  • She had a sandwich before heading off to work and had no time to linger for a glimpse of the city’s scenery.
  • 没有时间让你磨磨蹭蹭吃饭了,校车快来了。
  • There is no time for you to linger over your meal the school bus is coming.
  • 这美好的印象将永远留在我的记忆中。
  • The fond impression will linger in my memory forever.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study1
Language Study
  • lingering: continuing to exist for longer than usual or desirable

--a lingering illness

--lingering doubts/suspicions

--the lingering aroma of chocolate

--lingering smell/aroma/odour

(odor  deodorant)

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study2
Language Study
  • tarry (arch or rhet古或修辞) : to delay or be late in going, coming, or doing; to wait; to remain or stay temporarily, as in a place耽搁;逗留;徘徊
    • tarry on the way
    • tarry (for) sb’s reply
    • Tarry awhile at the charming country inn.
    • 在这个可爱的乡村小酒馆里呆一会儿吧。
  • dally: to waste time
    • dally over one’s work

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study3
Language Study
  • twist (L5): 扭曲;歪曲
    • 疼痛使他的脸都变了形。
    • His face was twisted with pain.
    • 一些日本人极力歪曲他们肮脏的历史。
    • Some Japanese try to twist their dirty history.
  • twist and turn 蜿蜒
    • The road twisted and turned across the hills.
  • twists and turns 弯弯曲曲处;曲折变化
    • The twists and turns of his arguments made his speech very difficult to understand.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study4
Language Study
  • cripple (L12): hurt sb. badly so that they cannot walk properly

-- She was crippled in a car accident.

(fig.) damage or weaken (sth) seriously

-- The business has been crippled by current financial crisis.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study5
Language Study
  • gain on sb/sth (L14): chase to get in front of or near to sb/sth, esp. a rival or sth. pursued 逼近,接近
    • The police are gaining on us!
    • The Democratic candidate was gaining on his Republican rival in the election, but only defeated him at the last moment.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study6
Language Study
  • kick up (L19): cause to rise 扬起;激起
    • The wind kicked up a cloud of dust.
    • Stop kicking up a fuss. He is miserable enough.
  • tilt (L21): move into a sloping position
    • She sat listening, with her head tilted slightly to one side.
    • 舆论已经偏向社会主义党。
    • Popular opinion has tilted in favor of the Socialist.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study7
Language Study
  • a pack of (L23): a set of persons with a common interest, sometimes not legal or organized
  • eg.a pack of thieves;
  • a pack of lies;
  • a pack of entertainment reporters;
  • a pack of kids

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study8
Language Study
  • lean(L24):
  • (1) v. bend; be in a sloping position
    • Galileo dropped a small stone and a big stone from the Leaning Tower of Pisa to falsify Aristotle’s theory.
  • (2) a. thin and healthy; small in amount or quality
    • He has a lean athletic body.
    • The shop is just making lean profits.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study9
Language Study
  • delivery 1) the process of birth

2) the delivering of letters, goods, etc.

正常分娩

a normal delivery

顺产

an easy delivery

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study10
Language Study
  • 送货 make a delivery
  • 收货 accept/take a delivery
  • 邮递 postal delivery
  • 快递 express delivery

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

fraternity
fraternity
  • Five Columbia University students have been arrested in an undercover drug sting dubbed “Operation Ivy League.” They allegedly sold a menu of narcotics out of fraternity houses and on-campus residences, authorities said Tuesday.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study11
Language Study
  • transfer (L37): move from one place to another
  • transmit: 1) send out (a signal/program) electronically by radio waves
  • 2) send/pass on sth from one person to another

--transmit knowledge from one generation to another

--The tension soon transmitted itself to all the members of the crowd .

  • n. transmission

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study12
Language Study
  • delegate, agent & representative
  • delegate: 某人被选派或委托为代理或代 表…只能按照他们代表的大多数人的意志或指示行事

He is a trade union delegate.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study13
Language Study
  • agent: 代理人/商…任何一个有代理权的人或团体,或在双方之间代表一方起中间作用的人

an estate agent

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study14
Language Study

representative: 本义是指某人作为代表在一定的场合行使职权或处理事务,但该词常用来指团体选出的代表该团体的利益参加某种会议或处理某类事务者。

They are representatives of the various departments of science and art.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study15
Language Study
  • guarantee (L58):
  • (1) promise sth. with certainty 担保
    • 雾天我们不能保证火车会准点到达。
    • We cannot guarantee the punctual arrival of the train in foggy weather.
    • 大学生现在毕业不包分配。
    • College students are no longer guaranteed jobs upon graduation.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study16
Language Study
  • (2) undertake to pay the cost of repairs resulting from a fault 保修
    • The company guaranteed its clocks for six months.
  • Compare: warrant 保证是真的;证明是正当的
    • This material is warranted to be pure silk.
    • 美国干涉我国内政当然是没有道理的。
    • America’s interference with our internal affairs is certainly not warranted.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study17
Language Study
  • sell (on) sth (L58): persuade
  • Will they be able to sell their ideas to voters?
  • I’m completely sold on the idea; I think it’s a brilliant plan.
  • In the end she’s really sold on the idea of buying some soap.
  • Can you sell your boss your scheme?

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study18
Language Study
  • pledge: a solemn promise “公开保证”

make/take a pledge 宣誓

give sb. one’s pledge 对某人发誓

honor one’s pledge 恪守誓言

carry out/redeem one’s pledge 履行誓言

break/violate one’s pledge 违背誓言

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study19
Language Study
  • tail (L106):
  • 1) vt. follow secretly
  • The car has been tailing me for the whole morning.
  • 2) n. the person who follows
  • They put a tail on the spy as he left the airport.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study20
Language Study
  • register (L115): (infml) (of facts, etc) be mentally reordered or fully realized/noticed

--Her name didn’t register (with me/in my

  • mind.)

--I registered (that fact) that he was late.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study21
Language Study
  • straight (L136):
  • 1) consecutive: a straight-A student; a two-hour straight live concert
  • 2) simple, with nothing-added
  • The workers were given a straight choice between a pay cut and losing their jobs.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study22
Language Study
  • be laid up (with) (L139): confined (as by illness) to bed; be bedridden
  • The football player was laid up in bed with a twisted knee.
  • He was laid up with acute flu for weeks.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study23
Language Study
  • unreadable (L150):
  • 1) (of handwriting) not easily deciphered; indecipherable
  • [syn: indecipherable, illegible, unclear, undecipherable]
  • 2) unsuitable for or not worth reading; dull: unreadable prose; wholly unreadable statistics.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

language study24
Language Study
  • in time (L157): within an indefinite time; eventually
  • In time they came to accept the harsh facts.
  • You will in time recover your health and strength.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

assignment
Assignment

The text depicts a physically deformed salesperson who sustained himself on mere tough work. What are your reflections on this feature story? Write a journal entitled Purpose in Life.

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

listening
Listening
  • 1. Where are they from?
  • 2. For what do they come to the Royal College of Art?

Unit 7 Text A Life of a Salesman

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