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Personality, Emotions, Stress & Violence. Discuss Glencoe Health text page 169 #1-10.

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personality emotions stress violence

Personality, Emotions, Stress & Violence

Discuss Glencoe Health text page 169 #1-10


On a sheet of paper create a list of your personality traits and things you like (interests) using your first name with each letter of your first name as the first letter of each trait or thing you like.I have 3 examples below









Now find at least 4 people that have something in common with you based on your lists.

Have them initial your paper beside the item you have in common.

After you have done this return to your seat.

You have 5 minutes to complete this part of the activity.


Mental/Emotional health – ability to accept yourself and others, adapt to and manage emotions, and deal with the demands and challenges you meet in life

Figure 7.1 page 171

Positive self-esteem

Sense of belonging

Sense of purpose

Positive outlook

Autonomy - independence

hierarchy of needs ranked list of needs essential to human growth and development
Hierarchy of needs – ranked list of needs essential to human growth and development

Level 1 – Physical or basic survival

Level 2 – Safety

Level 3 – Belonging

Level 4 – Feeling Recognized or you have a

value to others

Level 5 – Reaching Potential /

Self-actualization – striving to become the

best you can be

personality complex set of characteristics that makes you unique consisting of these 4 traits
Personality – complex set of characteristics that makes you unique & consisting of these 4 traits:
  • Emotions
              • Attitudes
  • Thoughts
              • Behaviors
influences of personality
Influences of Personality

Heredity – intellect, temperament, emotional tendencies, risk taking, and talents

Environment – family, friends, neighborhood,

school, role model

Modeling – observing and learning from the behaviors of those around you (clothes, music, speech, mannerisms)

Socialization – learned feelings, attitudes, ways of thinking

Conditioning – rewarded or punished for behavior

Behavior – making a decision, acting on it, and recognizing the consequences

7 main types of personality
7 Main Types of Personality
  • Extrovert – friendly, outgoing person
  • Introvert – not outgoing, thoughts directed inward
  • Optimist – look for positive
  • Pessimist – look for negative
  • Passive – holding back thoughts and feelings and yields to others
  • Assertive – able to stand up for self and express feelings in a non-threatening manner
  • Aggressive – acting in a forceful, threatening, or disrespectful way
personal identity your sense of yourself as a unique individual
Personal identity – your sense of yourself as a unique individual


likes and dislikes

talents and abilities

values and beliefs



Developmental assets – building blocks of development that help young people grow up as healthy, caring, and responsible individuals. Figure 7.3 page 179


- Empowerment

Boundaries and expectations

- Constructive use of time

Commitment to learning

- Positive values

Social competencies

- Positive identity

healthy identity

Healthy Identity

Recognize your strengths and weaknesses

- Demonstrate positive values

- Develop a purpose in your life

- Form meaningful relationships

- Contribute to the community

- Avoid unhealthful risk behaviors

self esteem and positive outlook
Self-Esteem and Positive Outlook
  • High esteemed people meet challenges, are usually healthier and live longer, and accept problems as challenges for growth and learning.
  • See things realistically and take constructive criticism – non-hostile comments that point out problems and encourage improvement.
  • Analyze self-talk and stay away from negative comments to yourself.
self 2 types
Self (2 types)

Public self – the way you want others to see you

  • Private self – the way you are when by yourself“the real you”
emotions signals that tell your mind and body how to react
Emotions – signals that tell your mind and body how to react
  • Happiness – satisfied or feeling positive
  • Sadness – disappointment, rejection, loss, sorrow, grief

Depression – deep, long lasting sadness

  • Love – strong affection, deep concern, respect
  • Empathy – ability to imagine and understand how someone else feels
  • Fear – phobia that can be positive or negative
  • Guilt – acting against one’s values or failing to act to make a better outcome
  • Anger – emotionally hurt or physically harmed

Hostility – intentional use of unfriendly or offensive behavior


How can guilt be a positive emotion?

+ It can stop you from doing something you know is wrong

+/- Take action to correct something you did wrong

Hormone – a chemical secreted by glands that regulates the activity of different body cells which can have an affect on your emotions
  • Describe how fear can be positive and negative.

+ it will cause you to run from a life-threatening situation

- choosing to avoid fearful situations rather than confront them

Discuss Responding to Your Emotions page 189

  • Describe how anger is used positively.

+ motivational factor; energy supplier

- destructive for obvious reasons (property or body/mind)

  • What are the 4 steps to dealing with anger in a healthy manner?

a) accept the fact that you are angry

b) express anger in a healthy way

c) after you calm down, decide why you are angry

d) seek action to improve the situation that caused the anger

Defense mechanisms – mental processes that protect individuals from strong stressful emotions and situations. Figure 7.4 page 190

Repression – involuntary pushing of unpleasant feelings out of conscious thought

Suppression – holding back or restraining

Rationalization – making excuses to explain a situation or behavior rather than taking responsibility

Regression – reverting to early stage development behaviors rather than being mature

Denial – unconscious lack of acknowledgement of something obvious to others

Compensation – making up for weakness and mistakes

Projection – attributing your own feelings or faults to someone else

Idealization – seeing something else as perfect, ideal, or more worthy than everyone else

other defense mechanisms
Other Defense Mechanisms
  • Daydreaming – inattentiveness, distracted, insensitive to what is around you
  • Displacement – placing blame onto another individual
  • Identification – recognition of a similar event in life, empathy, sympathy, bond
  • Reaction formation – behaving in a way opposite to the way you feel
  • Sublimation – creating a false excuse to cover/hide problem

Homework – relate at least one emotion with each defense mechanism by explaining how the defense mechanism is used with the emotion expressed by a person

type a vs type b personality
Type “A” vs. Type “B” Personality

Type “A” personality traits

1. create own stressors

2. feel rushed

3. competitive

4. try to accomplish many things as possible in a short period of time

5. set high standards for self and become angry when they are not achieved

Type “B” personality traits

1. less competitive

2. less rushed

3. calmer and less concerned about accomplishments

4. less likely to develop illness Why?

5. sometimes they are bored and unable to set own goals