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Enlightenment: Theories of Childhood. Locke, Rousseau, and Dwight. I. Enlightenment Overview. Interest in Natural World God as “divine watchmaker” Reason/Rationality (“Age of Reason”) Order (in universe, natural laws, human nature) Secularization of politics/education/science.

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Enlightenment theories of childhood

Enlightenment: Theories of Childhood

Locke, Rousseau, and Dwight


I enlightenment overview
I. Enlightenment Overview

  • Interest in Natural World

  • God as “divine watchmaker”

  • Reason/Rationality (“Age of Reason”)

  • Order (in universe, natural laws, human nature)

  • Secularization of politics/education/science.



Locke
Locke

  • Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)

  • Secular Puritan

  • Children born neither good nor bad



Rousseau
Rousseau

  • Emile, or On Education

  • Nature (“God makes all things good; man meddles with them and they become evil.”)

  • Children Naturally Good

  • Will Provides Motivation

  • “Feral Children”

    Victor the “Wolf Boy”—France, 1798



Dwight
Dwight

  • Second Great Awakening

  • Grace as Motivator

  • Unitarians

  • Romantic Movement

  • Bronson Alcott







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