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The Enlightenment Spreads

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  1. The Enlightenment Spreads Chapter 6-3

  2. Goals and Objectives • Upon completion students should be able to: • Explain how Enlightenment ideas spread throughout Europe. • Describe changes in art, music and literature during the Enlightenment. • Show how the Enlightenment ideas reformed European monarchies.

  3. New ideas • Enlightenment ideas spread through the Western world and profoundly influence the arts and government

  4. A World of Ideas • Paris becomes center of Enlightenment during 1700’s • City is home to salons – gathering where thinkers discuss ideas

  5. Diderot’s Encyclopedia • Denis Diderot begins publishing his work in 1751 • Encyclopedia is a set of books in which thinkers contributed essays

  6. Angers French government and the Catholic church • Helps spread ideas of the Enlightenment

  7. New Artistic Ideas • Neoclassical Ideas – styles based on Greek/Roman ideas • Pre-Enlightenment art style was baroque – grand, ornate design

  8. Classical music emerges – lighter, more elegant than earlier style • Mozart, Haydn, and Beethoven

  9. Novel emerges works of fiction with detailed plots and characters

  10. Enlightenment Despots • Enlightenment Despots – monarchs who embrace enlightenment values to strengthen their rule

  11. Frederick the Great • Frederick II, King of Prussia, reforms education and justice system • Grants religious freedom, abolishes torture, fails to end serfdom

  12. Joseph II • Joseph II of Austria allows freedom of worship and press • Abolishes serfdom, but the practice is reinstated after his death

  13. Catherine the Great • Enlightenment ruler of Russia,1762 – 1796 • Seeks to abolish capital punishment and torture, but effort fails

  14. Responds to peasant revolt by giving more power to the nobles over serfs

  15. Successfully expands Russian Empire • Gains port access for Russia by capturing northern coast of the Black Sea

  16. Seizes large parts of Poland, increasing empire’s size

  17. Review exercise • Answer the following question? • 1. What factors allowed the Enlightenment to spread? List and explain them • 2. What city was considered to be the center of the Enlightenment? Why was this? • 3. What specific changes were seen in art, literature and music as a result of the Enlightenment? • 4. What were Enlightenment despots? • 5. What changes were attempted by some of the Enlightenment despots?