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The Enlightenment. The Age Of THINKING!. WHAT WOULD YOU DO?. Enlightenment. Time Period during the 18 th Century or between 1700-1799 . People were asking questions . How do we make life better?. Where did the Enlightenment Begin?. The Enlightenment began in France .

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the enlightenment

The Enlightenment

The Age

Of

THINKING!

enlightenment
Enlightenment
  • Time Period during the 18th Century or between 1700-1799.
  • People were asking questions.
  • How do we make life better?
where did the enlightenment begin
Where did the Enlightenment Begin?
  • The Enlightenment began in France.
  • Philosophes were French Thinkers who came up with new ideas.
  • They believed people are naturally good.
  • If people used reason to live, they would have a better life.
impact of new ideas
Impact of New Ideas

The Enlightenment ideas in Europe strongly influenced the American and French Revolutions.

Why might new ideas inspire revolution?

hobbes
Hobbes
  • Opposite of most Enlightened Thinkers
  • Believed people were evil and selfish.
  • Give up rights to a strong ruler.
  • Strong Ruler = Law and Order
hobbes quote
Hobbes Quote

“It is not wisdom but authority that makes a law.”

john locke
John Locke
  • Government must protect a citizen’s Life, Liberty, and Property.
  • If government violates people’s rights, people have the right to rebel.
  • Against Absolute Rulers
locke quote
Locke Quote

“Every man has a property in his own person. This nobody has a right to, but himself.”

voltaire
Voltaire
  • Tolerance
  • Freedom of speech and religion
voltaire quote
Voltaire Quote
  • “I do not agree with what you have to say, but I’ll defend to the death your right to say it.”
montesquieu
Montesquieu
  • Political liberty
  • Believed in democracy
  • Checks and balances
montesquieu quote
Montesquieu Quote

“Power should be a check to power.”

rousseau
Rousseau
  • Individual Freedom
  • People are good but are corrupted by society
  • All people are created equal
  • Social Contract: Give up some freedoms for common good.
rousseau quote
Rousseau Quote

“Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.”

mary wollstonecraft
Mary Wollstonecraft
  • Promoted education of women
  • Equal rights and opportunities for women
  • Women are just as smart as men!
wollstonecraft quote
Wollstonecraft Quote

“Strengthen the female mind by enlarging it.”

think about it
Think About It. . . .

In your opinion, which Enlightened Thinker had the most valuable ideas?

Why?

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