Age of Absolutism: Russia. First, some geography Russia is BIG Physically diverse Ethnically diverse. Russia’s Time Zones. Topography of Russia. Rich Soil of the Steppes. Chernozen = “Black Earth” Grassland soils for growing cereals or for raising livestock “Bread Basket” of Russia
Chernozen = “Black Earth”
Grassland soils for growing cereals or for raising livestock
“Bread Basket” of Russia
Essential to Russia’s well-being
Expansion by conquest
Need for warm-water port
The necessity of a strong, central government
These will dictate Russian policy
(before 1000 CE)
“Kievan Merchants Sailing Abroad”
Under Ivan III, government centralized, power of Boyar reduced
Felt equal to the Tsar, often caused trouble during crisis
Tsars begin to create a new form of nobility, loyal to themBoyars
Boyars received large grants of land and were the major legislators of the Kievan Rus.
The domestic life of Muscovite boyars was regulated by a code, the Domostroy.
This dictated rules regarding religion, family and social life, education, professions, and service to the Tsar.Kievan Administration
Ivan III tearing the Great Khan’s letter requesting tribute payments in 1480.
Romanov Family Crest
He returns, wins, and forces her to become a nun. He loses only one man and personally helps execute over 1200 rebels.Rebellion of the Streltsy: 1698
Pro-WestFor Progress and ChangeEncourage New Ideas andTechnology