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Norman Girvan Institute of International Relations University of the West Indies St Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago ISISA Conference 1-5 November 2004. Do Small Island States Have A Future In A Globalised World?.
Institute of International Relations
University of the West Indies
St Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago
ISISA Conference 1-5 November 2004Do Small Island States Have A Future In A Globalised World?
‘Extra-market’ contribution of SIS ecosystems given political recognition by the world community in SIDS Declaration
But continuing threats to the viability of SIS from global market, ecological and political processesA global contradiction
Ambiguity of SIDS Declaration - human and cultural assets are also of value to the entire world community - part of the ‘cultural gene pool’ of mankind.
Extinction of SI would be a form of cultural series loss, as well as biological/ecologicalValue of SIS
17th-19th centuries: African slave trade and Asian indentured servitude
17th – 21st centuries: cultural adaptations of transplanted populations
Creative achievements in language, agriculture, politics, sport, music, literature, culture, migration—creation of new cultural assets for world community
Creation of new insular identitiesCaribbean case
Hurricane Ivan Sept 2004
No analogous provisions for losers from international market integration
The initial impact of globalisation for small countries is likely to be negative
Global environmental, labour and social commitments are not legally binding and enforceableWTO – the missing links
In Caribbean, drug economy ‘exceeds the GDP of 12 of the 14 Caricom states’ and drug-transit exports ‘exceed the total of Caricom’s top five domestic exports ’
Effects include corruption, violent crime, kidnapping, extortion, protection, money laundering
Containment only possible with international cooperationSecurity
This may be easier to achieve in SIS where sense of community and identity is strong
Democratic participation in goal-setting may be facilitated small scaleNational governance
Two important areas are (i) management of shared ecosystems and (ii) external negotiations
Example (i) Caribbean Sea Initiative of the Association of Caribbean States
Example (ii) Caribbean Regional Negotiating Machinery of CARICOMRegional governance
Architecture of global governance should recognize SIS ‘right to exist’ as members of the global community
Coherence – incorporate recognition across all instruments
Instruments should be inter-connected and given equally binding status as international treaty obligationsInternational Governance