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Social Impact of World War II. Minorities in the United States: 1939-1945. Daily Life in the United States during World War II. Pre-World War II Idealism World War II changed American society dramatically. African-American Experience in World War II. Blacks on the Homefront

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social impact of world war ii

Social Impact of World War II

Minorities in the United States: 1939-1945

daily life in the united states during world war ii
Daily Life in the United States during World War II
  • Pre-World War II Idealism
  • World War II changed American society dramatically
african american experience in world war ii
African-American Experience in World War II
  • Blacks on the Homefront
  • Patriotic, Supportive of War Effort
  • Economic Discrimination
    • Last Hired - First Fired during Depression Years
    • FDR signed Executive Order 8802 - no discrimination based on race in hiring (applied to Defense jobs)
african americans in the war
African-Americans in the War
  • Black Military Participation
  • Segregated Armed Forces
    • Separate Units and limited opportunities
    • Most famous African-American military group of WW 11 = The Tuskegee Airmen
the tuskegee airmen
The Tuskegee Airmen
  • Group of Black Pilots - 99th Pursuit “Fighter” Squadron
  • Trained in Tuskegee, Alabama
  • Decorated as an escort squadron - fought over Italy.
  • Col. Paul Adams from Lincoln served as a Tuskegee Airman
native american contributions during world war ii
Native American Contributions during World War II
  • 25,000 Native American joined armed forces
  • 23,000 worked at Wartime plants and factories
  • Notable were the Navajo codetalkers (Communicated in the Navajo language)
  • Japanese military never broke the code
    • Movie recently: Windtalkers
mexican american contributions during world war ii
Mexican-American contributions during World War II
  • Bracero Program - Mexican farm laborers came to the U.S.
  • 1942-1947 - 200,000 braceros worked
  • Most lived in barrios
  • Zoot-Suit Riots (Los Angeles) - Off duty Gis targeted Mexican American youth for styles of clothing (zoot-suits) - 1943
japanese american experience during world war ii
Japanese-American Experience during World War II
  • 110,000 Americans of Japanese descent “interned” at camps in Western United States
  • Executive Order 9066 by FDR made it official
  • Japanese legal challenges = Korematsu v. United States (1944)
    • Ruled in favor of US policy
  • 1988 - Congress awarded each surviving internee $20,000
  • Official U.S. apology
japanese 442nd infantry regiment
Japanese 442nd Infantry Regiment
  • Japanese-American combat unit
  • Stationed in Italy
  • Most highly decorated unit in US military history
  • 21 medal of honor recipients
  • Most of their families were “interned” in the US
women in world war ii america
Women in World War II America
  • At Home…
  • Many jobs taken in absence of men
  • “Rosie the Riveter”
women in world war ii america1
Women in World War II America
  • Women in the Armed Services
  • WACs, WAVEs, SPARs
  • Served in different non-combat capacities
  • Mostly nurses, or support staff positions