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The H igh I mpact Weather Project: a proposal for a WWRP research activity. Sarah Jones, Brian Golding Carlos Angelis, Philippe Arbogast, Ana Barros, Aida Diongue, Beth Ebert, Grant Elliott, Pat Harr, Tim Hewson, Julia Keller, Stefan Klink, Sharan Majumdar, Rebecca Morss ,

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The H igh I mpact Weather Project: a proposal for a WWRP research activity


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    1. The High Impact Weather Project: • a proposal for a WWRP research activity • Sarah Jones, Brian Golding • Carlos Angelis, Philippe Arbogast, Ana Barros, Aida Diongue, Beth Ebert, Grant Elliott, Pat Harr, Tim Hewson, Julia Keller, • Stefan Klink, Sharan Majumdar, Rebecca Morss, • Florian Pappenberger, David Richardson, Paola Salio, Peter Steinle, Jenny Sun, Richard Swinbank, Zoltan Toth, Jianjie Wang, • Heini Wernli, Hui Yu • 2ndHIWeather Workshop • 2 June 2014, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA • Marina Shemesh / • publicdomainpictures.net • Christof Stache/AFP/ • Getty Images • Alexandros Vlachos/EPA • NOAA NWS • NOAA NWS

    2. Substantial advances made in forecasting capability and emergency preparedness…………. ……… but weather-related disasters still have high socio-economic impacts. THORPEX delivered major advances in the science of weather forecasting for one day to two weeks ahead. • Why do weneed a newproject?

    3. New capabilities in short range forecasting (new observations, convective-scale probabilistic NWP) Advances in coupling prediction models Better understanding of the challenges to achieve effective responses to warnings Time is ripe to capitalise on these advances! • Why do weneed a newproject? • Substantial advances made in forecasting capability and emergency preparedness …………. • ……… but weather-related disasters still have high socio-economic impacts. • THORPEX delivered major advances in the science of weather forecasting for one day to two weeks ahead.

    4. Shaped by needs for applications, assessed through communication and interaction with stakeholders Focus on future needs of WMO members for decreasing vulnerability to High Impact Weather by considering urbanisation, increasing population, demographic changes, …….. Incorporate and foster advances in new predictive capability (e.g. cloud resolving ensembles) Focus on predictive time scales of minutes to two-weeks, build upon THORPEX to improve warnings on High Impact Weather events • Benefit of new High Impact Weather Project

    5. Scopeandlimitsofprojectdefinedby a setofweather – relatedhazardsandcorrespondingapplications Applications: SocialEconomicEnvironmental Interaction and Communication with Stakeholders

    6. Scopeandlimitsofprojectdefinedby a setofweather – relatedhazardsandcorrespondingapplications Applications: SocialEconomicEnvironmental Interaction and Communication with Stakeholders Localised Extreme Wind Urban heat / air quality Urban flood Wildfire Disruptive winter weather

    7. Scopeandlimitsofprojectdefinedby a setofweather – relatedhazardsandcorrespondingapplications Applications: SocialEconomicEnvironmental Interaction and Communication with Stakeholders Localised Extreme Wind Predict-ability & Processes Multi-scale Forecasts Vulner-ability & Risk Eval-uation Commu-nication Wildfire Urban heat / air quality Urban flood Disruptive winter weather

    8. Cross-cutting activities: • application of key common areas of expertise; • pooling of skills and resources Applications: SocialEconomicEnvironmental Interaction and Communication with Stakeholders Localised Extreme Wind Predict-ability & Processes Multi-scale Forecasts Vulner-ability & Risk Eval-uation Commu-nication Wildfire Urban heat / air quality Applications in the forecasting process Design of observing strategies Uncertainty Field campaigns & demonstrations Urban flood Knowledge Transfer Verification Impact Forecasting Data Management & Archiving Disruptive winter weather

    9. Example: Hazard of Urban Flooding • Increase resilience to such events • Social • Economic • Environmental • COMET® UCAR What do users/stakeholders need? • Stefan Penninger • Response time line

    10. Example: Hazard of Urban Flooding Predictability & Processes • COMET® UCAR • Stefan Penninger • Develop understanding of processes relevant for initiation and evolution of weather systems related to hazard and the processes that are important for their understanding • Some Key Challenges: • Predict location and timing especially from convective cell rainfall or extreme and unusual events. • Improve model representation on larger scale as prerequisite • Representation of interactions • Danish Met Office • Moore et al., 2012 MWR • Courtesy F. Pappenberger

    11. Example: Hazard of Urban Flooding Multi-Scale Forecasting • COMET® UCAR • Enhance multi-scalepredictionof variables neededtoforecastweatherimpacts in coupledmodellingsystems • Stefan Penninger • Some Key Challenges: • Larger scale synoptic and topographic effects and resolve increased surface roughness, microphysical processes • Improve observational, remote sensing and nowcasting systems as well as seamless-scale cross predicting systems • Assimilation of various observations continuously in time • Developing and using coupled systems

    12. Example: Hazard of Urban Flooding Vulnerability & Risk • COMET® UCAR • Producemore relevant forecastsandwarningsthroughassessmentoftheimpactofthepredictedhazard on individuals, communitiesandbusinesses, theirvulnerabilityandhencetheirrisk • Stefan Penninger • Some Key Challenges: • Defining exposure and vulnerability in a dynamic environment • Information on draining systems and juxtaposition of river and urban flooding • NWS • UNISDR

    13. Example: Hazard of Urban Flooding User-oriented Evaluation • COMET® UCAR • Stefan Penninger • Some Key Challenges: • Spectrum of metrics to evaluate model performance, for traditional meteorological quantities to hazards such a type and duration of precipitation • Lack of observational data at all scales • Lack of guidance on reporting damage and loss during floods making comparisons across different testbeds difficult • NWS • NCEP

    14. Example: Hazardof Urban Flooding Communication • COMET® UCAR • Achievemoreeffectiveresponsestoforecaststhroughbettercommunicationofforecastsandwarningsofhazardsandtheirimpacts • Stefan Penninger • Some Key Challenges: • Understand audiences capabilities, needs, perspectives and decision • Consider differences in most effective way for communication in different regions • Consider new ways of communication • Implementation of flood management and response plans under uncertainties using probabilities effectively • Deconstruct institutional barriers • DWD • UNISDR

    15. Proposal was recommended by WMO/WWRP/Commission of Atmospheric Sciences in Nov 2013 International workshop was held here on 2-4 June to focus the Implementation Plan Aim: to finalize the Implementation Plan before November 2014 HIWeather expected to begin in 2015, with an International Trust Fund and International Coordination Office Status ofHIWeather