Augustine (354-430ad). Born in the city of Tagaste near the city of Carthage (in modern day Algeria) in N. Africa Christian mother (Monica) Pagan father (Patricius, who ultimately adopts Christianity) Citizen of the Roman Empire
Argument from Hierarchy
So, people cannot come to know the forms by acting upon the forms through study
Since language is mastered differentially, it is not innate but rather taught
It is impossible under purely natural processes that something come from nothing.
Since God creates the universe ex nihilo, God is responsible for everything in the universe – both good and bad
Augustine rejects (ii); he asserts that what we take to be evil is really good
Immorality results when people freely choose what, contrary to appearance, is actually good yet not as good as what they might otherwise have chosen