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St. Augustine (354-430)

St. Augustine (354-430)

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St. Augustine (354-430)

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  1. St. Augustine (354-430) Life and Works http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/jod/augustine.html

  2. St. Augustine • Oldest surviving portrait of St. Augustine (6th century) • More pictures: http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/jod/augustine.html

  3. Life • Born in 354 in Tagaste (Right top) A picture of modern day Tagaste • (Right bottom) The tree where Augustine used to sit and meditate • Tagasta= Souk-Ahras, Algeria • Bishop of Hippo (Annaba) • Taught in Carthage (Tunis)

  4. Roman Empire

  5. Modern Map

  6. Tagaste, Hippo, and Carthrage

  7. Early Life • 370 went to study in Carthage • In Carthage he took a mistress and had a child called Adeodatus • 374 Settled in Carthage and opened a school of rhetoric • He was a Manichean until 383

  8. St. Augustine in Italy • 384 he moved to Rome and opened a school of rhetoric • 384 moved to Milan • The New Academy (skepticism) • Bishop Ambrose of Milan • Plotinus’ Enneads • 386 Became a Christian (32 years old)

  9. Mystical experience: Confessions XII, 12 • “I was saying these things and weeping in the most bitter contrition of my heart, when, lo, I heard the voice as of a boy or girl, I know not which, coming from a neighboring house, chanting, and oft repeating, ‘Take up and read; take up and read." I grasped, opened, and in silence read that paragraph on which my eyes first fell, -- "Not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying; but put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfill the lusts thereof.’” ROM. 13:13;

  10. St. Augustine Back to Africa • 385 decided to return to Africa with his mother • On the journey back his mother died in Ostia • St. Monica

  11. Italy (Rome, Milan, Ostia)

  12. St. Augustine in Africa • 387 Augustine founded a small religious community in Tagaste • 391 He was ordained a priest • 395 He was made auxiliary bishop • 396 Valerius the Bishop of Hippo died Augustine (42 years old) was named Bishop of Hippo

  13. St. Augustine Bishop of Hippo • 395-430 Augustine was Bishop of Hippo for 35 years • Against the Academics • Against the Manicheans • Against Pelagians • Against Donatists

  14. Works • Against the Academics (385-86 A.D.) • On Free Will (386-88 A.D.) • On the Teacher (388-91 A.D.) • Confessions (400 A.D.)

  15. Famous Sayings • Understand so that you may believe; believe so that you may understand • Knowledge is found looking inward not outward • I may be deceived when I think I know, but I still must exist in order to be deceived • God is the greatest possible being