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Central America Program

Central America Program

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Central America Program

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  1. Central America Program Regional program of the Netherlands

  2. EconomicGrowth CA Source: Focus Economic, June 2013

  3. Foreign Direct Investments (2012) Growth: + 34% Growth: + 10% Growth: + 16% Growth: + 4% Growth: + 18% Growth: + 5% Source: CEPAL / Col Bank of the Republic / ISSUU Total: USD 8,9 bln(Colombia: USD 15,5 bln)

  4. Doing Business Index Source: International Finance Cooperation and the Worldbank – Doing Business (Measuring Business Regulations)

  5. EconomicGrowthRate Economic growth measured as the annual % change of GDP Source: World Bank, 2012 Market USD 350 billion, 43 millioninhabitants, growingmiddleclass EU - AA

  6. HomicideRates

  7. Comparing Netherlands - Honduras 1,1 / 100.000 1 murderevery 2 days If The Netherlands were Honduras: 36per day 79/ 100.000 18murderseveryday

  8. Inequalityadjusted HDI 2013 PositionIneq. Adj. HDI Difference HDI Source: HDI 213

  9. Crime/violenceandeconomicdevelopment • Central America: market USD 350 billion, 43 millioninhabitants and a growingmiddle class • Reduction of violence / crime no automatic solution for inequality in societies • However, World Bank estimates a 10% reduction of violence and crime in Central America could boost annual economic growth per capita with 1 %. Gini coefficient (The value fluctuates between 0 and 1 with 1 being the highest inequality) Source: Estado de la Región, 2013

  10. Central America Program Why? • Regionalproblemsrequireregionalsolutions • Poverty and unequality, yetgrowth and opportunities • Violence, internationalorganized crime and impunity • Situationwomen, human rightsdefenders and journalists • Business: high costs security • Closingembassies Guatemala and Nicaragua

  11. Central America Program What? • Regional program; 7 countries • Emphasis on Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, without excluding Costa Rica, Panama and Belize • 2012 – 2015 • USD 50 million • Human security • Access tojustice • Human Rights

  12. Division of the budget (eur 44 mln)

  13. Organization of American States • JudicialFacilitators Program • Model of mediation in communities • `A barking dog cankillyou´ • Implementationvia Judicial branche • Direct impact on security and impunity • Change of workforjudges • Example of sharingexperiences in region • June2012 – December 2015 • USD 18,7 mln • Access tojustice

  14. Sistema de la IntegraciónCentroamericana • Prevention violenceagainstwomen and human trafficking • SICA Security Strategy (ESCA) / Prevention pillar • First full regional program under ESCA • Implementedvia UNFPA and OIM • Co-financing Finland (USD 6,3 mln) • Exampleof sharingexperiences in region • June 2013 – December 2015 • USD 12,5 mln • Human Security

  15. Regional Human Rights Fund • Implementation ICCO • 2 Calls for Proposals • 1: HR defenders, journalists and CSR • 2: Vulnerablegroups (women, LGBTI, children, indigenouspeople) • Now in selection and contractingprocess (www.iccoca.org/fhdh) • October 2012 – December 2015 • EUR 7,5 mln • Human Rights

  16. Prevenir • Prevention youthviolence • Silent partnership Germany, also Australia • Part of SICA Security Strategy (ESCA) / Prevention pillar • Focus on municipalities (80): prevention strategies • Youthemployment • Prevention violence at schools • January 2012 – December 2015 • EUR 5 mln • Human Security

  17. CEPREV • Prevention (youth) violence • Work in neighbourhoods Managua • Prevention community and prison violence • Peaceeducation in prison, police, schools • Impact: reduction crime 50% • Small arms – CASAC / SICA • Start Honduras • November 2012 – December 2015 • EUR 2 mln • Human Security

  18. IEPADES • Prevention youthviolence • Small arms and ballastics • Prevention, control and applicationlegislation • Assistance police and prosecutor’s office • Regionaloutreach • October 2012 – October 2014 • EUR 2,5 mln • Human Security

  19. ComisiónInternacional contra la Impunidad en Guatemala • CICIG 3 • Investigation and prevention parallel security systems • Promote accountability, lowerimpunity, strengthenRoL • New phaseafter 2013, support via EU • October 2012 – August 2013 • EUR 1,9 mln • Access tojustice

  20. InstitutoCentroamericano de Gobernabilidad • Regional research and statistics • Gathering information for reform • Establishment system benchmarks • Assisting in mappingexercise October 2012 – December 2014 EUR 0,7 mln Human security

  21. Nutshell • MAP example Dutch integrated approach: security, business, development • Regional approach: pros and cons • Positive impact MAP on human security, justice and human rights • Benefits forDoing Business in region in the long run • Modern diplomacy: external and internal (regional, integrated, laptop) • Way ahead: Lookingfor partners / donors tosafeguardcontinuity

  22. Contact Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands San José, Costa Rica Bastiaan Engelhard T: +506 2296 1490 E: sjo@minbuza.nl www.holanda.cr