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Central America

Central America

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Central America

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  1. Central America

  2. Countries of central america

  3. Countries of continental Central America and the Caribbean

  4. Countries of continental Central America and the Caribbean

  5. Physical Features of Central America • Proximity (_____________) to the equator

  6. Physical Features of Central America • Proximity (closeness) to the equator

  7. Physical Features of Central America • Proximity (closeness) to the equator • Low latitudes:

  8. Physical Features of Central America • Proximity (closeness) to the equator • Low latitudes: 5°N-25°N

  9. Physical Features of Central America • Proximity (closeness) to the equator • Low latitudes: 5°N-25°N • Temperture:

  10. Physical Features of Central America • Proximity (closeness) to the equator • Low latitudes: 5°N-25°N • Temperture: VERY HOT

  11. Physical Features of Central America • Proximity (closeness) to the equator • Low latitudes: 5°N-25°N • Temperture: VERY HOT • Proximity (closeness) to the ocean

  12. Physical Features of Central America • Proximity (closeness) to the equator • Low latitudes: 5°N-25°N • Temperture: VERY HOT • Proximity (closeness) to the ocean • HUMID

  13. Physical Features of Central America • Proximity (closeness) to the equator • Low latitudes: 5°N-25°N • Temperture: VERY HOT • Proximity (closeness) to the ocean • HUMID (high amount of water vapor in the air)

  14. Physical Features of Central America • Proximity (closeness) to the equator • Low latitudes: 5°N-25°N • Temperture: VERY HOT • Proximity (closeness) to the ocean • HUMID (high amount of water vapor in the air) • Ecosystem:

  15. Physical Features of Central America • Proximity (closeness) to the equator • Low latitudes: 5°N-25°N • Temperture: VERY HOT • Proximity (closeness) to the ocean • HUMID (high amount of water vapor in the air) • Ecosystem: tropical rainforest (________________)

  16. Physical Features of Central America • Proximity (closeness) to the equator • Low latitudes: 5°N-25°N • Temperture: VERY HOT • Proximity (closeness) to the ocean • HUMID (high amount of water vapor in the air) • Ecosystem: tropical rainforest (hot and humid)

  17. History of Central America • Ancient Mayans covered the territory of present-day Mexico and Guatemala

  18. Tikalin Guatemala

  19. History of Central America • ancient Mayan city of Tikal • ceremonial and civic center • Tikal is the "New York City" of the Maya, its skyscraper-like pyramids soar up out of the jungle canopy.

  20. History of Central America • Due to the dense (thick) rainforest, farmers from ancient times through today have used a farming technique called ________________.

  21. History of Central America • Due to the dense (thick) rainforest, farmers from ancient times through today have used a farming technique called Slash-and-Burn agriculture.

  22. Slash and Burn Agriculture • A primitive (ancient) farming method that follows the following steps: 1. Chop down an area of rain forest.

  23. Slash and Burn Agriculture • A primitive (ancient) farming method that follows the following steps: • Chop down an area of rain forest. • Burn the chopped plants.

  24. Slash and Burn Agriculture • A primitive farming method that follows the following steps: • Chop down an area of rain forest. • Burn the chopped plants. • The ash fertilizes the soil.

  25. Slash and Burn Agriculture • A primitive farming method that follows the following steps: 4. Plant crops for a few years in the fertilized soil.

  26. Slash and Burn Agriculture • A primitive farming method that follows the following steps: • Plant crops for a few years in the fertilized soil. • Move somewhere else and do it again/repeat the cycle.

  27. History of Central America

  28. History of Central America • Conquered and Colonized by Europeans (Spanish mostly)

  29. History of Central America • Conquered and Colonized by Europeans (Spanish mostly) • Exception: Haiti (French)

  30. History of Central America • Conquered and Colonized by Europeans (Spanish mostly) • Exception: Haiti (French) • Main Language in Central America =

  31. History of Central America • Conquered and Colonized by Europeans (Spanish mostly) • Exception: Haiti (French) • Main Language in Central America = Spanish

  32. History of Central America • Conquered and Colonized by Europeans (Spanish mostly) • Exception: Haiti (French) • Main Language in Central America = Spanish • The Spanish Language links central America together creating a ___________ region.

  33. History of Central America • Conquered and Colonized by Europeans (Spanish mostly) • Exception: Haiti (French) • Main Language in Central America = Spanish • The Spanish Language links Central America together creating a cultural region.

  34. History of Central America

  35. History of Central America • Europeans brought over Africans to work as slaves on the large plantations

  36. History of Central America • Europeans brought over Africans to work as slaves on the large plantations • Main Crops:

  37. History of Central America • Europeans brought over Africans to work as slaves on the large plantations • Main Crops: coffee, cocoa, and sugarcane

  38. History of Central America • Europeans brought over Africans to work as slaves on the large plantations • Main Crops: coffee, cocoa, and sugarcane • The combination of native people, Africans, and Europeans created a unique new culture.

  39. Panama Canal • A ship canal that runs through the isthmus of Panama.

  40. Panama Canal

  41. Panama Canal • A ship canal that runs through the isthmus of Panama. • It was begun in 1904 under President Teddy Roosevelt. It officially opened in 1914.

  42. Panama Canal • A ship canal that runs through the isthmus of Panama. • It was begun in 1904 under President Teddy Roosevelt. It officially opened in 1914. • (The French tried to dig it first, but failed, losing the lives of about 22,000 workers—mostly to malaria and yellow fever.)