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New England Governors/ Eastern Canadian Premiers Mercury Action Plan. MERCURY MANAGEMENT & RETIREMENT RECOMMENDATIONS. C. Mark Smith PhD MS Deputy Director, Office of Research and Standards, MADEP Co-Chair, NEG-ECP Mercury Task Force C.Mark.Smith@State.ma.us. Mercury Initiatives.

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new england governors eastern canadian premiers mercury action plan

New England Governors/ Eastern Canadian Premiers Mercury Action Plan

MERCURY MANAGEMENT

& RETIREMENT

RECOMMENDATIONS

C. Mark Smith PhD MS

Deputy Director, Office of Research

and Standards, MADEP

Co-Chair, NEG-ECP Mercury Task

Force

C.Mark.Smith@State.ma.us

slide2

Mercury Initiatives

United Nations Global Mercury Assessment

Global

Commission for Environmental Cooperation North American Regional Mercury Action Plan

Continental

National

EPA Mercury Action Plan

New England Governors /Eastern Canadian Premiers Regional Mercury Action Plan

Regional

Massachusetts

EOEA Zero Mercury Strategy

State

Cities and Towns Mercury bans; collection events

Local

neg ecp regional mercury action plan
NEG/ECP Regional Mercury Action Plan
  • Adopted in June 1998 by all New England Governors and Eastern Canadian Premiers
  • Goals
    • By 2003: 50% or greater reduction in NE emissions
    • By 2010: 75% reduction
    • Long-term: virtual elimination
ma zero mercury strategy
MA Zero Mercury Strategy
  • Strategy developed by EOEA
    • Multiagency: DEP/DPH/MWRA/CZM
  • Consistent with regional efforts
  • Additional goal: eliminate unnecessary use
integrated comprehensive approaches
Integrated, Comprehensive Approaches
  • Multimedia: air, water, land
  • Integrates pollution control and pollution prevention
  • Regional, multi-agency cooperation
  • Model for other national/international efforts
slide6

POLICY DRIVERS

1. Policy Driver #1: Toxicity

  • Children Most At Risk
  • Neurological Endpoints
slide9

Massachusetts Situation

1. Statewide fish consumption advisory….native freshwater fish; several saltwater species

2. Fish from over 100 waterbodies have mercury levels high enough to pose a risk to the general population

3. Waterbodies across the state are impacted

-over 40% of those tested

policy driver 5 controllable local and distant sources

Policy Driver # 5: Controllable Local and Distant Sources

In region sources: 60%

Out-of-region: 40%

elements of the action plan
Elements of the Action Plan
  • Six Action Categories/45 Specific Elements
    • Regional Task Force
    • Emission Reductions
    • Source Reduction/ Waste Management
    • Outreach and Education
    • Monitoring and Research
    • Mercury Stockpile Management
action category 1 regional mercury task force
Action Category 1: Regional Mercury Task Force

Established in Sept. 1998 to:

  • Prioritize / coordinate implementation
  • Track and report on progress
    • Biannual updates to Commissioners; annual updates to Governors and Premiers
  • Forum to share information
  • Leverage resources
  • Establish linkages
  • National/international advocacy
the team
The Team
  • CoChairs: Ron Gagnon (RI); Stephanie D’Agostino (NH); C. Mark Smith (MA); Nabil Elhadi (NB). Project Director: John Shea (NEGC). Representatives: Jim Brooks (ME); Raynald Brulotte (PQ); Carmine DiBattista, Lois Hager, John Cimochoski and Tessa Gutowski (CT); Peter Haring (NF); Duncan MacKay (NS); David Lennett, Ellen Parr-Doering and Kevin McDonald (ME); Debbie Johnston and Glenda MacKinnon-Peters (PEI); Chris Recchia (VT); Judy Shope (MA); Terry Goldberg (NEWMOA); Praveen Amar and Margaret Round (NESCAUM); Jerry Weiss (EPA); Luke Trip and Cheryl Heathwood (CA).
action category 6 stockpile management
Action Category 6: Stockpile Management
  • Safe management-retirement
    • DOD/DOE Strategic Stockpile
    • Closed Industrial Facilities
  • Several NEG resolutions and letters advocating for national retirement strategy
mercury management retirement issues
MERCURY MANAGEMENT-RETIREMENT ISSUES
  • Mercury recovery/ recycling/ stockpiles + decreased demand= need for strategies to manage and “retire” excess mercury
  • Change in thinking needed about mercury as a commodity
  • Requires national/ international leadership
mercury management retirement issues1
MERCURY MANAGEMENT-RETIREMENT ISSUES
  • Disposal/ “Retirement” strategies should address:
    • Supply-demand factors
    • Primary production
    • Sequestration mechanisms and infrastructure
mercury management retirement priorities
MERCURY MANAGEMENT-RETIREMENT PRIORITIES
  • Supply- Demand Management
    • Continued / expanded efforts to:
      • Eliminate unnecessary use
      • Reduce other uses
      • Limit new uses
    • Supply- demand tracking needed
mercury management retirement priorities1
MERCURY MANAGEMENT-RETIREMENT PRIORITIES
  • Mechanism(s) to Prevent Large Mercury Stores From Entering International Markets
    • Needed now
    • National approach
    • Mechanisms/ infrastructure and $:
      • Purchase/transport/storage
      • Safe storage facilities: DLA?
mercury management retirement priorities2
MERCURY MANAGEMENT-RETIREMENT PRIORITIES
  • “Retirement” Mechanisms/ Infrastructure
    • Safe, long-term sequestration from biosphere
    • Excess “commodity” mercury that exceeds necessary uses
mercury management retirement priorities3
MERCURY MANAGEMENT-RETIREMENT PRIORITIES
  • Controls on Primary Production
    • Free market mechanisms
      • Already at work- sufficient?
    • Economic intervention and incentives: economic assistance
    • Regulations
mercury management retirement priorities4
MERCURY MANAGEMENT-RETIREMENT PRIORITIES
  • Global Nature of Issue Necessitate International Approaches
    • Technology Transfer
      • Mercury-free Alternatives
      • Control Technologies
    • Capacity Building
conclusions
CONCLUSIONS
  • Mercury Management and Retirement Should Be Priorities at National and International Levels
  • Need Short-term Strategy to Keep Large Mercury “Stores” Safely off the Market
  • Need Longer-term Strategy for “Safe” Retirement
slide26

The following slides are included to provide additional information on the NEG-ECP Mercury Action Plan and the Massachusetts State Zero Mercury Strategy.Additional details can be obtained by contacting John Shea at 617-423-6900 or C. Mark Smith at 617-292-5509 or visiting the following web sites: http://www.cmp.ca/neg.htmhttp://www.cmp.ca/mercuryreport/2001.pdfhttp://www.state.ma.us/dep/http://www.state.ma.us/envir/mercury.pdf

neg ecp mercury action plan

NEG-ECP MERCURY ACTION PLAN

ACTION CATEGORY SUMMARIES

action category 2 emissions reductions
Action Category 2: Emissions Reductions
  • Aggressive Action
    • MSWCs
    • MWIs
    • Utilities
    • Others
emission reduction commitments
Emission Reduction Commitments

Municipal Waste Incinerators

  • Emission limit 0.028 mg/dscm: 3-fold lower than EPA
  • All jurisdictions implementing
  • Parallel P2 initiatives in all States; MA regulations include mandatory P2 efforts
slide30
Medical Waste Incinerators
  • Emission limit 0.055 mg/dscm (10-fold lower than EPA)
  • Lower limits being evaluated by several states (MA, CT)
  • Pollution prevention and emission control technologies
  • As a result, many facilities closed
slide31
Utility And Non-utility Boilers
  • Largest Remaining Category
  • Task Force Evaluating
      • Multipollutant control options
      • Reduction targets: 60-90% by 2010
      • Near-term and long-term reduction strategies
action category 3 source reduction and waste mgmt
Action Category 3: Source Reduction and Waste Mgmt
  • Overall Objectives
    • Reduce/eliminate

Nonessential Uses

    • Segregate and Recycle
  • Priority Areas
    • Regional Products Legislation
    • Enhanced Mercury Collection Efforts
    • Medical/ Dental P2 Projects
slide33
Key principles
    • Reduce mercury in wastes
    • Harmonize P2 efforts
    • Reduce costs
    • Educate consumers
    • Guide regional efforts
      • Model legislative approaches; existing acts and regulations and pollution prevention programs
action category 4 outreach and education
Action Category 4: Outreach and Education
  • Overall Objectives
    • Public Education/ P2

Outreach to Users

  • Regional Efforts
    • Outreach Strategy: Jurisdictional Implementation
      • Schools; thermometer exchanges; brochures; web information; displays
    • Public Survey: Little Awareness
action category 5 research analysis strategic monitoring
Action Category 5: Research, Analysis, Strategic Monitoring
  • Overall Objective:Improve Understanding of Sources/

Impacts; Track Progress

  • Regional Efforts
    • Key Indicators to Track Progress
      • Focused on Goals Of Action Plan
      • Summary Report Completed
research analysis strategic monitoring continued
Research, Analysis, Strategic Monitoring (continued)
  • Technology Assessment
    • CEMs/ Control Technology
  • Regional Monitoring Programs
    • Draft Report on Deposition Monitoring
  • Coordination/ Data Mgmt.
    • Initial Focus on Emission-Release Inventory
slide37
Conclusions- NEG-ECP Action Plan
    • Key role in efforts to address major regional hg sources
    • Model for other regional and international policy efforts
    • Importance of State leadership
    • “Pushed” agencies to address issues across traditional disciplines
    • Major progressin reducing mercury releases
massachusetts zero mercury strategy

MASSACHUSETTS ZERO MERCURY STRATEGY

Summary of key components

massachusetts zero mercury strategy1
MASSACHUSETTS ZERO MERCURY STRATEGY
  • Pollution Control
    • Stringent MSWC Emission Limit
    • Stringent MWI Emission Limit- 0.028
    • Evaluation of limits for Utilities
    • Upstream Reduction for Wastewater
massachusetts zero mercury strategy2
MASSACHUSETTS ZERO MERCURY STRATEGY
  • Pollution Prevention/Outreach
    • MSWC Source Separation Requirements
    • School Cleanouts
    • Products Legislation
    • Thermometer Exchange Programs
    • Municipal Support
massachusetts zero mercury strategy3
MASSACHUSETTS ZERO MERCURY STRATEGY
  • Research and Monitoring
    • Air Deposition
    • Fish; Other Biota; Sediments
    • Technology Evaluations
      • Amalgam Separators
      • CEMs