Kush and Egypt: Trading Partners • Why travel was difficult between partners • Nile had many cataracts between them • Made movement slow and dangerous • How trade connected kingdoms • Egypt had few natural resources. • Kush had stone, timber, and other goods that Egypt needed and wanted.
Conflict between Egypt and Kush • Why Egypt take control Kush • Protect their own interests • Built forts along Nile to make sure trade was not interrupted • How Kush becomes free of Egyptian rule • Egypt was weakened by foreign invasion • Enabled Kush fight for and win its independence
Kush and Ancient Egypt • How Kush well organized society • Civilization had: • Center of government • Written and spoken language • Similarities between kingdoms • Both believed in many gods • Both believed in afterlife • Both spoke and wrote same language until Kush becomes free Egyptian rule • Both buried their rulers in pyramids
Kush and Ancient Egypt-cont. • Difference between kingdoms • Kush had flat top pyramids, Egyptians had pointed top pyramids
Decline of Kush • Why Kush abandon control of Egypt • Foreign invaders who came into Egypt had superior weapons/technology • Used iron weapons, which superior to copper weapons used by Kush • Decline of Kush • Because Roman Empire bought goods from Kush, empire’s collapse meant fewer buyers wanting to buy goods from Kush • Kush also had to compete with Axum for trading partners
Think about It • Transition from Bronze Age to Iron Age and transitions affect in Egypt • Civilizations with superior technology able to conquer and control • Invaders from the East took control of Egypt • Invaders began to spread Islam in Egypt and throughout North Africa • Remains predominant religion today (2011)
Think about It • Importance of trade to a country’s wealth • When countries don’t have raw materials or products to sell, or trading partners to sell them to, weakens a country’s economy • Weakened economy affects society • Less money spend on education, policemen, firemen • Less money donate to charities • Less money help needy
Vocabulary • Cataracts: waterfalls and rapids • Papyrus: reed used by ancient Egyptians to make paper