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April 21 – AP Comp Gov – History. Agenda: Country Briefs Notes: Dynastic History of China (finish) Homework: Read p. 296-306 (Political Regime). Take out: Pen/Pencil Notebook. Five Dynasties – 907-960 CE. Politically and Militarily unremarkable

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april 21 ap comp gov history
April 21 – AP Comp Gov– History

Agenda:

  • Country Briefs
  • Notes: Dynastic History of China (finish)

Homework:

  • Read p. 296-306 (Political Regime)

Take out:

  • Pen/Pencil
  • Notebook
five dynasties 907 960 ce
Five Dynasties – 907-960 CE
  • Politically and Militarily unremarkable
  • Dominated by political unrest – controlled by five short-lived dynasties
  • Development of “China” – porcelain whiteware
northern sung song 960 1126 ce
Northern Sung (Song) – 960-1126 CE
  • Third “Golden Age” - high point of Chinese classical culture
  • Philosophical and artistic development
  • Political centralization
  • Economic growth
  • Scientific innovation
  • Adoption of Neo-Confucianism as the official state ideology
southern sung song 1127 1279 ce
Southern Sung (Song) – 1127-1279 CE
  • Invaders from Mongolia drive Chinese Empire South
  • Marked by unrest and military conflict
  • Capital established at Hangzhou (Huangzhou)
  • Trade and economy severely limited
mongol rule yuan dynasty 1280 1365 ce
Mongol Rule – Yuan Dynasty – 1280-1365 CE
  • Empire established by Kublai Khan (grandson of Genghis)
  • Reopen and expand international trade
  • Marco Polo (et. al.) visit
    • Western interest in the East begins
  • Capital established at Beijing
ming dynasty 1368 1644 ce
Ming Dynasty – 1368-1644 CE
  • Established sophisticated agricultural and trade-based economy
    • Rise of a large middle-class
    • Treasure Ships – trade and discovery
  • Developed a strong centralized bureaucracy and military
  • Great Wall of China completed
  • Forbidden city constructed
ch ing qing dynasty 1644 1912 ce
Ch’ing (Qing) Dynasty – 1644-1912 CE
  • 1644 - Manchu Qing Dynasty drives out Ming.
    • Chinese empire reaches its zenith, with the annexation of Tibet, Mongolia and present-day Xinjiang (Turkestan).
  • 19th Century - Qing Dynasty begins a long decline.
    • Western powers impose "unequal treaties" that create foreign concessions in China's ports
    • Regional warlords rise as central government atrophies
    • Foreign influence grows: political, economic, religious
questions to consider
Questions to Consider
  • How does the dynastic history of China effect our understanding of modern China?
  • Which elements of this long and complicated history have a lasting effect on China today?
boxer rebellion 1899 190 1
“Boxer Rebellion” - 1899-1901
  • Uprising in Northern China seeks to stifle reforms in the Qing administration, drive out foreigners and re-establish traditional rule.
  • Rebellion defeated by foreign intervention
  • With Western powers, Russia and Japan extracted further concessions from weakened Qing government
rise of the republic
Rise of The Republic

1911-12 -

  • Military revolts by reform-minded officers lead to proclamation of Republic of China under Sun Yat-sen and abdication of last Qing emperor.
  • Republic struggles to consolidate its rule amid regional warlordism and the rise of the Communist Party.

1925 –

  • Death of Sun Yat-sen brings Chiang Kai-shek to the fore.
  • Breaks with the Communists and confirms the governing Kuomintang as a nationalist party.
the republic
The Republic
  • 1931-45 - Japan invades and gradually occupies more and more of China.
  • 1934-35 - Mao Zedong emerges as Communist leader during the party's "Long March" to its new base in Shaanxi Province.
communism in china
Communism in China
  • Watch the following video, and answer the questions below:
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ZPvHV0A6GU

1 - What events led up to the adoption of Communism in China? What was the appeal of Communism?2 – How was Soviet Communism similar to and different from Chinese Communism?