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Sustaining and Scaling the Implementation of Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports: State Examples I. Susan Barrett – Maryland Howard Muscott - New Hampshire Char Ryan-- Minnesota. Guiding Questions. How do you support teachers to implement best practices in schools?

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slide1

Sustaining and Scaling the Implementation of Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports: State Examples I

Susan Barrett – Maryland

Howard Muscott - New Hampshire

Char Ryan-- Minnesota

guiding questions
Guiding Questions

How do you support teachers to implement best practices in schools?

How do you support school teams to guide this process?

How do you support districts to guide this process?

How do you support state to guide this process?

What are the differences between supporting 60 schools to 600 to 6000?

implementation levels
Implementation Levels

State

District

School

Classroom

Student

slide4

PBS Systems Implementation Logic

Marketing

Visibility

Funding

Braiding

Initiatives

Political Support

Leadership Team

Management Team

Active Coordination

Training

Coaching

Evaluation

  • Phase One: Commitment to School Level Implementation
  • Phase Two: Commitment to Capacity Building
  • Phase Three: Commitment to Large Scale Implementation

4

you have knowledge about the blueprint
You have knowledge about the Blueprint
  • State/District will be successful if:
    • They start with sufficient resources and commitment
    • They focus on the smallest changes that will result in the biggest difference
    • They have a clear action plan
    • They use on-going self-assessment to determine if they are achieving their plan
    • They have access to an external agent/coach who is supportive, knowledgeable and persistent.
implementers blueprint
Implementers Blueprint
  • Self Assessment
  • More like guidelines
  • Provides a common language
phase one commitment to school level implementation
Phase OneCommitment to School Level Implementation

Will this work here?

  • Establish Local Sites in Multiple Districts
  • Small and Large
  • Urban, Suburban and Rural
  • ES, MS, HS, Alt, JJ
group cost benefit
Group Cost Benefit

Office Referral Reduction

Across 12 PBIS Schools =5,606

If students miss 45 minutes of instruction for each Office Referral, 5,606 X 45=

252,270 minutes

4204.50 hours or

700 days

of instructional time recovered!!!!!

group cost benefit1
Group Cost Benefit

Office Referral Reduction Across

12 PBIS schools= 5,606

If one Office Referral=15 minutes of administrator time, then 5,606 x 15=

84,090 minutes

1401.15 hours or

233 days

of administrator time recovered and reinvested.

transformation
Transformation
  • More than a behavior initiative
  • The foundation of the academic house you are trying to build
  • Systemic School Reform Model

Colorado APBS 2008

“Bottom Up and Top Down”

Student Services Example

phase two
Phase Two
  • Commitment to Capacity Building
    • Demonstrated High Fidelity/High Impact
    • Demand Increases
    • State Team won’t be able to keep up with demand
  • Created Partnership Agreements
    • Roles and Responsibilities
features
Features
  • Point of Contact and Coaches become Local Coordinators
    • Transfer role to local person
    • Use phase of implementation to guide decision points
  • Meet with local team to build action plan- model after state team
phase three
Phase Three
  • Commitment to Large Scale Implementation
    • Large number of schools in each district
    • Sustain and Build Integrated Systems Model- Braiding Initiatives
      • Shelf Life
    • Increased roles and duties within District
phase four continuous regeneration
Phase Four- “Continuous Regeneration”
  • Innovation
    • Demonstrated impact throughout
    • Change/Adapt to fit culture every year
    • Renew Commitment
    • Easier, More Efficient, Cost Reduces
    • Organizational Framework allows for integration
    • Educators as better consumers
transfer skill to local school system
Transfer Skill to Local School System
  • Local Team and Coordinator Identified
    • Access to support and technical assistance
    • “Fostering the Pipeline of Leadership”
    • Develop action plan through blueprint- model after state with local context
successes serendipity
Successes/Serendipity
  • State- Non Profit- University Partnership
    • Protected FTE
  • Student Services and Special Education
  • School Psych Conference
  • Prior Relationship in each LSS
  • Small, functional state team
  • Successful Demo Sites
  • Willing to talk to anyone who would listen
keys to success
KEYS TO SUCCESS

Leadership at State, Regional, District and School levels

Private, Public, University partnership

Standards and Protocols developed and implemented

State-wide impact:

494 of 565 schools in all 24 systems are implementing universal PBIS with fidelity.

State and Regional Training Capacity

PBIS Maryland WEBSITE and DATABASE (www.pbismaryland.org)

Ongoing Technical Assistance-Coaching Capacity

Ongoing Evaluation/Progress Monitoring

Evaluation Tools

Ongoing Data Collection for Decision Making

SETs, SWIS, BOQ

Ongoing expansion of Local School System infrastructure—staff designation and funding

Federal Grants

Rigorous Randomized Evaluation Activity through grants received by JHU

evaluation
Evaluation
  • What are your questions?
  • Do the tools/forms/surveys answer your questions?
  • Can you get the answers quickly?
    • Easy, efficient, relevant
  • Economic Benefits
  • Regular Feedback to Stakeholders
slide24

Evaluation Question: Are schools in beginning or advanced stages of implementation?

Data Source: Implementation Phases Inventory (IPI)

Overall, the IPI data suggest a relatively advanced level of self-reported implementation among the schools in Maryland

slide25

Evaluation Question: Are schools implementing School-wide PBIS?Data Source: Team Implementation Checklist (TIC) (Target Criterion = 80%)Based on the average of the 327 checklists submitted, school teams report that 78% of items are in place.

slide26

Evaluation Question: Are schools implementing SW-Positive Behavior Support?Data Source: System-Wide Evaluation Tool (SET) (Objective Criterion = 80%)-All regions met objective criterion-A pre-post comparison regional average shows a 69% increase.

slide27

Evaluation Question: Where is the location of behavior problems in Middle Schools?Data Source: SWISThe majority of the problem behaviors reported occur in the classroom followed by hallways.

good news bad news
Good News/Bad News
  • Visibility increasing/Overly enthusiastic legislature resulting in mandated PBIS implementation
  • Initiative has momentum/Maryland’s budget doesn’t
  • Green zone training and implementation with fidelity is institutionalized/Yellow and Red Zone training and implementation needs similar structure and higher resources
  • Districts are increasing capacity/State Leadership has to “let go” OF THE RIGHT THINGS to ensure fidelity and sustainability
challenges
Challenges
  • Funding
  • Mandates
  • 3 Tiered Logic
  • 2nd Generation Coordinators
    • Death, Taxes and Attrition
    • Transfer of Skill
  • Rapid Expansion (25% increase each year)
final thought
Final Thought

“We have a unique opportunity and responsibility to promote integration of services for students across a continuum that meets all students needs.”

contact
Contact
  • sbarrett@pbismaryland.org