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Athens and Sparta
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  1. Athens and Sparta

  2. "The walls of Sparta were its young men, and its borders the points of their spears.”-King Agesilaos

  3. Sparta - Lifestyle and Values • Fear • Aim in life: to be fighting fit • Discouraged personal expression • Valued duty, strength, discipline • Trained to dislike luxury • Weak babies killed at birth • Service above all else

  4. Sparta - Education • Boys begin at age 7 • Reading, writing • Mostly athletics and military training • Strict adherence to suffering • Girls begin at age 7 • Reading, writing, gymnastics, athletics, survival

  5. Women’s Roles - Sparta • Educated • Allowed to participate in sports • Goal: to produce strong babies • Treated more as equals

  6. Sparta - Government • Oligarchy • Two kings • Five “ephors” • Overseers • Council “apella” • Judges • Proposed laws • Assembly A Spartan King

  7. Sparta - Government

  8. Sparta - Social Structure • Spartiates • Military professionals • Perioeci • Outsiders • Could not vote • Helots • Peasant workers

  9. Athens, the eye of Greece, mother of arts and eloquence-John Milton

  10. Athens - Values and Lifestyle • Meaningful life • Intellectual pursuits • Wisdom • Curiosity • Mind/Body perfection • Civic responsibility • Cultural superiority • Trade

  11. Athens - Education • Males: • Wealthy males • Begin at 5 • End - dependent on wealth • Broader education • Older boys • Logic, philosophy, ethics, public speaking • Military school • Athletics each day • Females: • No formal schooling • Domestic education by female household members

  12. Athens - Women’s Roles • In the home • Learned the art of domestic duty • Some roles in religious life • Couldn’t play sports

  13. Athens - Social Structure

  14. Democratic Principles • Direct Democracy: • Citizens vote directly rather than having a representative • Public Debate • Able to openly discuss different topics • Duties of citizen • Know the law and follow it • Civic responsibilities

  15. Important People of Athens • Draco • Also called the “lawgiver” • The first legislator of Athens • Replaced oral law and blood feud with a written code to be enforced only by the court • Solon • Laid the foundation for Democracy in Athens • Athenian lawmaker, statesman, and poet

  16. Activity:each of you is a greek citizen of either sparta or athens. You must develop a list of 10 reasons why your city-state is a better place to live.