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Sparta and Athens. Section 2 Pg.344-350 Ch. 7 The Ancient Greeks. someone who takes power by force and rules with total authority Tyrants overthrew the nobles because they had the backing of the common people (farmers, merchants, & artisans). tyrants. Tyranny in the City-States.

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sparta and athens

Sparta and Athens

Section 2

Pg.344-350

Ch. 7 The Ancient Greeks

tyranny in the city states

someone who takes power by force and rules with total authority

  • Tyrants overthrew the nobles because they had the backing of the common people (farmers, merchants, & artisans)

tyrants

Tyranny in the City-States
tyranny in the city states1

The Greek people eventually tired of the tyrants and created oligarchies or democracies

    • An oligarchy is a form of government in which a few people hold power
    • A democracy is a form of government in which all citizens share power
  • Sparta was an oligarchy
  • Athens was a democracy
Tyranny in the City-States
sparta
Sparta
  • To obtain more land, Spartans conquered and enslaved their neighbors, calling them helots
  • To keep the helots from rebelling, the Spartans created a strong military of boys and men
  • Boys and men trained for war

Why Was the Military So Important?

sparta1
Sparta

Why Was the Military So Important?

  • Spartan girls were trained in sports
  • They were freer than other Greek women
sparta2

What was Sparta’s Government Like?

Sparta
  • The Spartan government was an oligarchy
    • 2 kings headed a council of elders
    • Council presented laws to an assembly, which voted on the laws
athens

What was Life in Athens Like?

Athens

Listen to the lyre,

click the picture

Boys in Athens attended school to learn reading and writing

Athenian girls learned to spin, weave, and do other household duties household duties from their mothers

athens1
Athens
  • Solon
    • A noble who canceled farmers’ debts and freed all slaves
athens2
Athens

A Budding Democracy

The government of early Athens was an oligarchy

A noble named Solon reformed the Athenian government in 594 B.C.

The tyrant Peisistratus seized power 30 years after Solon’s rule

athens3
Athens

A Budding Democracy

  • Cleisthenestook power in 508 B.C.
    • He created a democracy in Athens
    • He gave the assembly more power
    • He also created a new council to help the assembly carry out its duties
    • Members of the council were chosen by lottery
section 2 review reading summary
Section 2 Review: Reading Summary
  • The support of wealthy merchants and artisans helped tyrants seize power from nobles in the city-states.
  • Sparta was a powerful city-state. It created a military state to control the people it conquered and to prevent uprisings.
  • Athens was a powerful democratic city-state. Athenians were more involved in government, education, and the arts that the Spartans.

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