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Colonizing America. Chapter One. Why do people migrate to new lands? Pushed or Pulled?? Example: The pilgrims? Have we been focusing specifically on Europeans migration? Why?. What were the Americas like before Columbus?

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slide2

Why do people migrate to new lands?

    • Pushed or Pulled??
      • Example: The pilgrims?
    • Have we been focusing specifically on Europeans migration? Why?
slide3

What were the Americas like before Columbus?

  • In order to understand European colonization we need to first understand those who lived here before them.
i mesoamerican civilizations
I. Mesoamerican Civilizations
  • A. First Americans
    • Beringia
    • Originally nomads and hunters
    • Agricultural Revolution
      • Allowed early Americans to settle down and create their own cultures and civilizations
slide6

B. Olmecs

    • First Mesoamerican civilization
    • Developed villages, temples, and pyramids
    • Built huge monuments including giant head weighing up to 20 tons
    • Their ideas spread and influenced later Mesoamerican civilizations
slide8

C. Mayans

    • Characteristics
      • Origin
      • Famous for
    • Government
      • City-state set up
    • Thrived
      • downfall
slide10

D. Toltecs

    • Characteristics
    • Destruction
    • Debate??
slide11

E. Aztecs

    • Characteristics
    • Government
      • Triple Alliance
      • Conquer and Tribute State
    • Religion
    • European Encounter
    • Legacy
2 north american civilizations
2. North American Civilizations
  • Western Cultures
    • Hohokam
    • Anasazi
    • Southwest
slide15

Mississippi Cultures

    • Cahokia
    • http://www.glencoe.com/video_library/index_with_mods.php?PROGRAM=9780078745218&VIDEO=2826&CHAPTER=1&MODE=2
      • Reason for Decline??
    • Southeast
    • Great Plains
      • Nomads mostly
      • Horses
slide16

Northeastern Cultures

    • Algonquian
    • Iroquois
      • The Confederacy
early european exploration
Early European Exploration
  • Known as “The Age of Discovery”
    • Lasted from 15th-17th Century
  • Reasons
    • Crusades
    • Cheaper Trade Routes
    • Rise of a merchant class
scientific advancements
Scientific Advancements
  • Astrolabe
  • Compass
  • Improvements in ship building
    • Caravels
portuguese exploration
Portuguese Exploration
  • Henry the Navigator
  • Exploring Africa
  • Bartholomeu Dias
  • Cape of Good Hope
african kingdoms
African Kingdoms
  • Ghana
    • Rise and Domination
    • Decline
african kingdoms1
African Kingdoms
  • Mali
    • Rise and Dominance
    • Decline
african kingdoms2
African Kingdoms
  • Songhai Empire
    • Rise and Dominance
    • Decline
slavery and sugar
Slavery and Sugar
  • Origins of African Slavery
  • Use of African Slaves in Sugar Plantations
european exploration
European Exploration
  • Write a definition for the word “discover.”
  • Discuss with a person sitting next to you who discovered the Americas.
  • Why does it matter so much to people whether it was Columbus or someone else?
european exploration1
European Exploration
  • Influences
    • Ptolemy
      • Geography in 100 AD
      • Developed system of latitude and longitude
    • Al-Idrisi
      • 12th Century Arab geographer
      • Maps inspired European explorers
european exploration2
European Exploration
  • Spain and America
    • Columbus
      • Early struggles
      • Support from an enemy
      • Thee voyage
    • Competition with Portugal
      • Line of Demarcation
european exploration3
European Exploration
  • Other Expeditions
    • Amerigo Vespucci
    • Juan Ponce de Leon
    • Vasco de Balboa
    • Ferdinand Magellan
european exploration4
European Exploration
  • New Spain
    • Hernan Cortes
      • Early Life
      • Mexican Conquest
        • Aztecs
        • Montezuma
        • Small pox
      • Later Life
european exploration5
European Exploration
  • New Spain
    • Francisco Pizarro
      • Early Life
      • Peru
      • Conquest
      • Later Life
european exploration6
European Exploration
  • New Spain
    • Other Explorers
      • Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
      • Hernando de Soto
      • Juan de Onate
    • The Econmienda System
european exploration7
European Exploration
  • New France
    • Explorers
      • Giovanni Verrazona
      • Jacques Cartier
      • Samuel de Champlain
      • Jacque Marquette
    • Settlements
england s first colonies
England’s First Colonies
  • Early Exploration
    • John Cabot
reasons for english settlement
Reasons for English Settlement
  • Religious
    • English Reformation
      • Divorce
    • Puritans
reasons for english settlement1
Reasons for English Settlement
  • Economic
    • Wool demand
    • Joint-Stock Companies
reasons for english settlement2
Reasons for English Settlement
  • Political
    • Rivalry with Spain
      • Trade
      • Religious
chesapeake colonies
Chesapeake Colonies
  • Roanoke
    • Sir Walter Raleigh
      • “Virginia”
    • Disappearance
      • Theories
chesapeake colonies1
Chesapeake Colonies
  • Jamestown
    • Settlement
    • Troubles
      • John Smith
    • Abandonment
      • Lord De La Warr
    • John Rolfe
    • Government
    • Royal Colony
chesapeake colonies2
Chesapeake Colonies
  • Maryland
    • Catholic persecution
    • George Calvert
    • Religious Conflict
      • Toleration Act of 1649
further english colonization
Further English Colonization
  • Pilgrims and Puritans
    • Separatists
    • Plymouth Colony
    • Massachusetts Bay
      • Reasons
      • John Winthrop
      • Government
      • Society
      • Heretics
expansion of new england
Expansion of New England
  • Thomas Hooker
    • Connecticut
  • Sir Fernando Gorges
    • Maine
  • John Mason
    • New Hampshire
king philip s war
King Philip’s War
  • What’s the significance of these events??
english civil war
English Civil War
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3FyQnEDt7eA
  • Reasons?
  • People Involved?
  • Outcome?
  • Significance?
new colonies
New Colonies
  • New York
  • New Jersey
  • Pennsylvania
  • Carolinas
  • Georgia
triangular trade
Triangular Trade
  • Trade with England
  • Three-way exchange of goods
    • North America to West Africa
    • West Africa to West Indies (Middle Passage)
    • West Indies to North America
urban society
Urban Society
  • Trade creates cities
  • Cities create wealthy, merchant class
  • Social structure
    • Merchants
    • Skilled workers
    • Unskilled workers
    • Indentured servants and slaves
middle colonies
Middle Colonies
  • Cash crop based
  • Increase in demand in England
  • Wealthy capitalists emerge
mercantilism
Mercantilism
  • Theory
  • Benefits
  • Drawbacks
  • Flaws
navigation acts
Navigation Acts
  • Reason for
  • Requirements:
  • Reactions:
    • Colonial Reaction
    • English Response
glorious revolution
Glorious Revolution
  • Reasons for:
  • Events:
  • Impact in colonies:
colonial life
Colonial Life
  • Colonial Population Boom
    • Reasons
      • Increase Birthrate
      • Improved housing and sanitation
colonial life1
Colonial Life
  • Immigration
    • 300,000 Europeans immigrated (1700-1775)
    • Where did they move to?
    • Groups:
      • Scots-Irish
      • German Mennonites
      • Jews
life in colonies
Life in Colonies
  • Women
    • Rights?
    • Married women:
    • Single women and widows:
    • Improvement:
life in colonies1
Life in Colonies
  • Africans
    • http://videos.howstuffworks.com/discovery/27991-assignment-discovery-triangular-trade-and-slave-ships-video.htm
    • Numbers:
    • Indentured servants
    • Slave Codes
    • Stono Rebellion
new ideas
New Ideas
  • Enlightenment
    • Ideas:
    • John Locke
      • Arguments:
    • Jean Jacques Rousseau
      • Argument:
    • Baron de Montesquieu
      • Arguments:
first great awakening
First Great Awakening
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n-dk4-HBNWQ
  • Main Aspects
    • Personal relationship with God
    • Influenced by Pietism
    • Revivals
first great awakening1
First Great Awakening
  • Major Preahers
    • Jonathon Edwards
      • Style
      • Most famous sermon
    • George Whitefield
      • Style
first great awakening2
First Great Awakening
  • Impact
    • Churches split and new denominations
  • Impact of Enlightenment and Great Awakening
    • Arguments against British rule
    • Undermined allegiance to traditional authority
    • First “national” event