OVERVIEW OF DISCOURSE ANALYSIS. The study of the relationship between language and the contexts in which it is used. To study language in natural contexts. DISCIPLINES.
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Applied linguistics puts linguistic theories into practice in areas such as foreign language teaching, speech therapy, translation and speech pathology.
Semantics: Relation between signs and the things they refer to, their denotata.
Syntactics: Relation of signs to each other in formal structures.
Pragmatics: Relation of signs to their impacts on those who use them
- classroom talks
- Social activity
- Institutionalised talks
-artificial (constructed-scripts of drama)
eg: Students: Madam, tell us about the exam.
Teacher: Have I got an exam for you!
(Ex-page 9 (McCarthy, 1990)
eg: a request, an instruction,
Initiation response follow-up
(question) (answer) (comment)
(eg. Nik enjoys watching ‘dikir barat’. He was born in Kelantan)