The American Revolution (From a World History perspective) By: Saarah and Shahad.
Causes of the American Revolution • There were many causes of the American Revolution. • The first one is that the Americans were independent and they wanted to do have control and do things on their own. • The second is that the British were making the Americans pay taxes from the Stamp Act and other things. • The third one is “The Seven Years War”. • The building tension between the Americans and the British.
The Stamp Act • The Stamp Act was an act that was passed by the British Parliament on March 22nd, 1765. • It taxed the colonists for every piece of printing paper they used. • Was repealed in 1766.
The Intolerable Acts • Event that took place in 1774. • A punishment towards the colonists because they dumped the British tea into the Boston Harbor. • The punishment consisted of: • The Boston Port Act: An act where the colonists had to pay the British for the lost tea. • The Quartering Act: Any British soldier could go into any American household and request shelter, food, and anything else for as long as they wanted.
The Boston Tea Party • Event that happened in 1773. • Men dressed as Native Americans and threw all the British tea into the Boston Harbor. • They were protesting because of “taxation without representation.” This means that the British were taxing them for no reason at all.
The Boston Massacre • Event that happened in 1770. • 5 colonists were shot by the British soldiers. • The colonists became angry and started fighting with the British.
The Seven Years War • The war started when England declared war on France. • France was expanding down to the Ohio River Valley. • The British didn’t like them doing this, so they declared war to fight for land. • This led to an attack by George Washington, who was the general of the American side, and James Abercrombie, who was the general of the British side. • Canada was allied with the French during this war. • The French were forced to surrender to the British and gave up their land along the Ohio River Valley.
George Washington • Was born in Virginia. • Was 22 years old when he became general of the French and Indian War. • He was chosen to become the leader because he knew the woods well.
James Abercrombie • Was born in Scotland. • Was the general of the British side of the army during the Seven Years War.
The First and Second Continental Congress • First Continental Congress: Was a convention held in the United States in 1774 that brought the colonies together to discuss how to deal with the British “Intolerable Acts”. All colonies sent delegates except for Georgia. • Second Continental Congress: A second convention held in 1775 after the Battle of Lexington and Concord. The delegates gathered to discuss the militia and how to form it.
Battle of Lexington and Concord • Took place on April 19th, 1775. • British militia was trying to attack colonists and take away their supplies in Concord, Massachusetts. • Paul Revere and William Dawes rode around towns to warn people that the British were coming. • The British attacked the colonists (The shot heard round the world) and this led to the Battle of Lexington and Concord. • British lost the battle and lost 73 men, and 174 injured.
Siege of Fort Ticonderoga • Took place on May 10th, 1775. • Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold (American side) went on an expedition to seize Fort Ticonderoga. They surprised the British soldiers and stole all their weapons. • American colonists forced British soldiers to surrender up give Fort Ticonderoga to them • This was another terrible loss for the British side.
Battle of Bunker Hill • Took place on June 17th, 1775. • Colonists heard the British plotting to attack Bunker Hill. • Patriots sent 1600 men to Bunker Hill. • British had 2600 men for the battle. • The Americans lost the battle. They were forced to surrender to the British. • The British also suffered heavy casualties; they lost 226 men and had 828 injured. • This was the first victory for the British side.
Battle of Saratoga • Took place from September to October, 1777. • John Burgoyne, leader of the British militia, made a plan for attacking the Americans. • Burgoyne was going to pass through the woods to meet the Americans for battle. • The Americans tried to block the way by cutting down trees and branches in their way. • Burgoyne surrendered after supplies started running low and the men became exhausted.
Battle of Yorktown • Took place from September 28th to October 19th, 1781. • The French allied with the Americans during this battle. • The French and Americans bombarded the British with battles until they were forced to surrender. • The British surrendered to the French and Americans on October 19th, 1781. • This was the end of the American Revolution leaving the victory to the colonists.
France’s Opinion on the American Revolution • France mostly supported the Americans. • They sent spies to watch the American side of the battle. • They also secretly would send supplies to the Americans. • Peace treaty called The Treaty of Pariswas signed in 1783. • This was a peace agreement between France, Britain, and the United States. • The French were especially helpful towards the Americans in the Battle of Yorktown.
Bibliography • "Causes of the American Revolutionary War." Causes of the American Revolutionary War. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2012. <http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/ushistory/causesrevwar.htm>. • "The American Revolutionary War from a British Perspective." The American Revolutionary War from a British Perspective. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2012. <http://www.redcoat.me.uk/Rev-War.htm>. • "The American Revolution - (Battles)." The American Revolution - (Battles). N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2012. <http://www.theamericanrevolution.org/battles.aspx>. • "American Revolution: George Washington." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2012. <http://library.thinkquest.org/TQ0312848/gwashington.htm>. • "James Abercrombie." • Http://virtualology.com/jamesabercrombie/. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. • "Second Continental Congress.“ http://www.kidport.com/reflib/usahistory/americanrevolution/SecondCongress.htm. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. • "Lexington and Concord/Battles of the American Revolution." • Http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/americanrevolution/p/lexconcord.htm. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. • "The Seven Years War Begins." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2012.
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