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Physical DevelopmentRace/Ethnicity Kendra Heather Dan Cory Ingrid
How Race and Ethnicity Effects Physical Development HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, Obesity, Malnutrition, Longevity, Chronic Illness, Death Rates
Diabetes Race/Ethnicity • Residents of Puerto Rico are 1.8 times as likely to have diagnosed diabetes as non-Hispanic whites in the United States. • The highest among American Indians in the southern United States (26.7%) and in southern Arizona (27.6%).
In an analysis of 8814 nationally showed that Caucasian and African-American women had a higher incidence, whereas the rates in other races were more similar. The U.S. has the second highest rate of child obesity out of 34 other countries . In the U.S. instead of poor nutrition as a result of unheathly eating habits and being overweight is a big problem for our health. -large increase in total energy from salty snacks, soft drinks, and pizza Obesity Race/Ethnicity
In the United States, approximately 61% (110 million) of adults are overweight or obese. Most of this increase has occurred since 1980. Obesity in adults in the United States increases progressively from 20 to 50 years of age. It also varies by ethnicity and gender. It is particularly common in many ethnic minority women. Obesity Race/Ethnicity
Malnutrition • Over 153 million of the world's malnourished people are children under the age of 5. • Malnourished children often have stunted growth and score a lot lower on math and language tests when compared to well-nourished children. • Every country in the world has the potential of growing enough food to feed itself, 54 nations currently do not produce enough food to feed their populations, nor can they afford to import the necessary amounts to make up for it. Most of these countries are in sub-Saharan Africa.
Longevity and Race • Millions of the worst-off Americans have life expectancies typical of developing countries. • Leading the nation in longevity are Asian-American women who typically reach their 91st birthdays. • It was thought that the Asian longevity advantage would disappear once immigrant families adopted higher-fat Western diets.
Longevity and Race — Asian-Americans, average per capita income of $21,566, have a life expectancy of 84.9 years. — Northland low-income rural Whites, $17,758, 79 years. — Middle America (mostly White), $24,640, 77.9 years. — Low-income Whites in Appalachia, Mississippi Valley, $16,390, 75 years. — Western American Indians, $10,029, 72.7 years. — Black Middle America, $15,412, 72.9 years. — Southern low-income rural Blacks, $10,463, 71.2 years. — High-risk urban Blacks, $14,800, 71.1 years.
Asthma • Asthma accounts for 14 million lost days of school missed annually. • Asthma is the third-ranking cause of hospitalization among those younger than 15 years of age. • The number of children dying from asthma increased almost threefold from 93 in 1979 to 266 in 1996.
Cancer • Cancer is the leading cause of disease-related death among children in the U.S. • The numbers of newly diagnosed patients across the major childhood cancers, such as leukemia and lymphoma, continue to escalate. But new research shows that mortality rates are improving and long-term survival rates for childhood cancers are steadily on the rise • African Americans face a higher likelihood of developing and dying from each of the four most common cancers in the United States (lung, colon, breast, and prostate), and have also shown worse outcomes in pediatric leukemia and lymphoma.
Death Rates Ages 1-4 • In 2002, the death rate for children ages 1-4 was 31 per 100,000 children • Among children ages 1-4, Black children had the highest death rate in 2002, at 47 per 100,000 children. Asian/Pacific Islander children had the lowest death rate, at 23 per 100,000. • Among children ages 1-4, unintentional injuries (accidents) were the leading cause of death at 11 per 100,000, followed by birth defects, homicide, and cancer at 3 per 100,000 children each.
Death Rates Ages 5-14 • The death rate in 2002 for children ages 5-14 was 17 per 100,000 children. • Black children had the highest death rate in 2002 at 25 deaths per 100,000, and Asians/Pacific Islanders had the lowest death rate at 12 per 100,000. • Among children ages 5-14, unintentional injuries (accidents) were the leading cause of death at 7 per 100,000, followed by cancer (3 per 100,000), birth defects, and homicides (1 per 100,000 each).
Conclusion • Although minorities were more negatively affected in general, there are no conclusive studies linking ethnicity directly to physical development. • Across the board, geographical location is most influential to physical development.