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Intro Government Grows Finances Government Control Society/Economy Patriotism Economy/Jobs Women & Family Race Relations Conc. Key Terms Revenue Act War Productions Board Office of Price Administration Braceros Executive Order 9066. WWII: Home-Front (1941-45). Finances.

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wwii home front 1941 45
Intro

Government Grows

Finances

Government Control

Society/Economy

Patriotism

Economy/Jobs

Women & Family

Race Relations

Conc.

Key Terms

Revenue Act

War Productions Board

Office of Price Administration

Braceros

Executive Order 9066

WWII: Home-Front (1941-45)
finances
Finances
  • Cost of WWII- $250 million per day
  • Solutions: Money was borrowed
    • 1941 debt: $48 Billion
    • 1945 debt: $247 Billion
  • Solutions: Revenue Act of 1942

Thomas Hart Benton, “Back Him Up”

revenue act 1942
Revenue Act(1942)
  • Instituted “withholding taxes.”
  • Tax rates for all were increased.
  • Shows growth of Government’s power.
government grows
Government Grows
  • Government Agencies:
    • WPB
    • OPA
war productions board
War Productions Board
  • Oversaw conversion of economy from civilian to military supplies.
    • Ex: Auto Industry
  • By 1945 US produced more than Germany, Italy & Japan combined.

Don Nelson, WPB Chair & Former head of Sears & Roebuck

auto industry mobilizes
Auto Industry Mobilizes
  • Chrysler-tanks
  • Ford-Jeeps & Planes (Willow Run assembly line was one mile long & ¼ mile wide).
government grows office of price administration
Government Grows:Office Of Price Administration
  • Rationed goods & established price controls
  • Examples: steel, sugar, coffee, rubber, gasoline, etc.
  • Slogan: “Use it up, wear it out, make it do, or do without.”
  • National Speed Limit:

35 mph

patriotism baseball
Patriotism & Baseball
  • $55,000/year
  • $21.00/month
  • Hank Greenberg
  • National Anthem
patriotism enlistments
Patriotism & Enlistments
  • 1941-1.6 million in US armed forces
  • 1945-15 million men & 350,000 women in US armed forces

US Navy Recruiting Booklet

Recruiting Poster

patriotism war bonds
Patriotism & War Bonds
  • Many showed their support by purchasing war bonds

Thomas Hart Benton, “Back Him Up”

boom economic
Average Salaries (US)*

1939-$1,500/year

1945-$3,000/year

Unemployment (MI)*

1933-46%

1944- 0.6%

Boom Economic

*Figures are approximate

women in the workforce
Women In The Workforce
  • 1941-1945 6.5 million women enter workforce.
  • No equal pay for equal work.
  • Women were still responsible for “traditional chores.”
war american family
War & American Family
  • Marriages & birthrates increased; so did divorces
  • High school enrollments dropped
  • Rates of juvenile delinquency increased

Hurley Family Photo

wwii hispanic laborers
WWII & Hispanic Laborers
  • US negotiated Bracero program due to labor shortage (1942-64).
  • Mexican citizens worked in US—about 4 million.
  • US farmers became dependent upon Bracero laborers.

Bracero workers on a California farm (1944)

home front economic boom demographic patterns
Home Front Economic Boom & Demographic Patterns

Black Population

  • Seattle: 4,000-40,000
  • Detroit: increased by nearly 50,000
black americans leave south
Black Americans Leave South
  • Over 700,000 African Americans left South
  • Racial tension developed
racial tension housing
Racial Tension(Housing)
  • A group gathers near the Sojourner Truth Housing Project (1942)
black americans leave south18
Black Americans Leave South
  • Detroit Race Riots (1943).
  • 25 blacks and 9 whites were killed.
japanese americans
Japanese Americans

Executive Order 9066

  • 110,000 on West Coast forced into “Internment Camps”
  • 2/3 were US citizens
  • Reparations were granted in 1988
holocaust hitler s final solution
Holocaust(Hitler’s “Final Solution”)
  • 6 million Jews (out of a worldwide Jewish population of about 15 million)
  • 3.7 million Soviets
  • 12,000/day at Auschwitz

30 Jewish women starved to

death on 300 mile march

wwii home front 1941 4521
Intro

Government Grows

Finances

Government Control

Society/Economy

Patriotism

Economy/Jobs

Women & Family

Race Relations

Conc.

Key Terms

Revenue Act

War Productions Board

Office of Price Administration

Braceros

Executive Order 9066

WWII: Home-Front (1941-45)