What explains an increase in personal income in 1941?
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What explains an increase in personal income in 1941?. What were the causes and effects of WWII?. What is this graphic measuring?. What explains the graphic from 1929 to 1933?. What explains the graphic from 1933 to 1937?. Why is the year 2000 included?. ITALY. Soviet Union. Germany.

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What is this graphic measuring?

What explains the graphic from 1929 to 1933?

What explains the graphic from 1933 to 1937?

Why is the year 2000 included?


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ITALY

Soviet Union

Germany

Spain

Japan

Benito

Mussolini

(1922)

Joseph

Stalin

(1924)

Adolf

Hitler

(1933)

Francisco

Franco

(1939)

Hideki

Tojo

(1941)

I. WWII Background: 1920s and 1930s

-Failure of Treaty of Versailles to make a lasting peace

-Worldwide Great Depression

-Rise of totalitarian dictators making “promises” to their people

-Strong isolationist sentiment around world— no more war

-Failure of League of Nations to stop dictators


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Czechoslovakia

Austria– “Anschluss”


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II. WWII: TRIGGER

WWII began with Hitler’s invasion of Poland (1939), followed

shortly after by the Soviet Union’s invasion of Poland from the

east and the Baltic countries – divided Poland.

Blitzkrieg (“lightning war”)


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Hitler continues reign of terror…

During 1st two years of war,

U.S. remains officially neutral

as Germany overran France

and most of Europe.

June 23, 1940—Hitler tours Paris


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July-October 1940

Battle of Britain-

German Luftwaffe (airforce)

attack British targets. British

people suffer, but RAF pilots

fights back and a frustrated

Hitler calls off attack.

“Never in the field of human conflict

was so much owed by so many

to so few.” Winston Churchill


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In 1941, Hitler turned on his former partner

and invaded the Soviet Union.


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What is America’s role during

the 1st two years of WWII?

U.S. is “officially neutral”

for first 2 years but….


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Lend-Lease Act- U.S. gives Britain

war supplies and old naval warships in

return for military bases in Bermuda

and Caribbean.

“lending a garden hose to a next-door neighbor

whose house is on fire.” Franklin Roosevelt


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Lend-Lease

… “the great arsenal of democracy.” FDR


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III. WWII: U.S. Entry

1930s Japan sought military and economic domination

over Asia-- invaded Manchuria and China


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III. WWII: U.S. Entry

U.S. refused to recognize Japanese conquests. Imposed

an embargo on exports of oil and steel---tensions rise.


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III. WWII: U.S. Entry

While negotiating with U.S. and without warning, Japan carried

out an air attack on the American naval base at

Pearl Harbor, Hawaii— Dec. 7, 1941.

1 ½ hours:

180 Japanese warplanes

2,403 Americans dead

1,178 Americans wounded

21 ships - - 8 battleships

300 aircraft


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III. WWII: U.S. Entry

Japan destroyed much of the American Pacific fleet and killed

several thousand Americans. Congress declares war on Japan.

“…a date that will live in infamy.” FDR


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U.S.S. Arizona Memorial-

In memory of nearly 1,000

servicemen trapped inside

on Dec. 7, 1941.

Dorie Miller- USS West Virginia

Navy Cross for bravery


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WWII: PRACTICE QUIZ

  • What were 2 background causes of WWII?

  • What did Adolf Hitler promise the German people in the 1930s?

  • What event “triggered” the beginning of WWII in Europe?

  • What year did WWII begin in Europe?

  • What was the Battle of Britain?

  • What country did Hitler invade in 1941, breaking his short-term

  • pact with this country?

  • 7. What was the U.S. role during the first two years of WWII?

  • 8. “lending a garden hose to a neighbor whose house is on fire”

  • is FDR’s words referring to what U.S. policy? Define.

  • What does Japan do in the 1930s and how

  • does the U.S. react?

  • What event brought the U.S. into WWII?

  • What is the date that FDR said “would live in infamy?”


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IV. WWII: U.S. Homefront

Anti-Japanese

prejudice on West Coast

False belief that

Japanese Americans

were aiding the enemy


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110,000

Japanese Americans

were relocated to

internment camps



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Korematsu v. U.S. (1944)-

Supreme Court upheld decision, “military necessity.”


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Public apology was eventually

issued by the U.S. gov’t.

Financial payment of $20,000

promised to each Japanese-American survivor.

“We can never fully right the wrongs of the past.

But we can take a clear stand for justice and recognize that

serious injustices were done to Japanese Americans during WWII.”

George Bush (1990)



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Economic Resources:

  • U.S. gov’t and industry

  • forged close relationship


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Economic Resources:

  • U.S. gov’t and industry

  • forged close relationship

  • Rationing was used to

  • maintain supply of

  • essential products

What does this poster encourage you to save?


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Economic Resources:

  • U.S. gov’t and industry

  • forged close relationship

  • Rationing was used to

  • maintain supply of

  • essential products

  • War Bonds and income tax

  • to finance war

What symbols encourage Americans to buy War Bonds?


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Economic Resources:

  • U.S. gov’t and industry

  • forged close relationship

  • Rationing was used to

  • maintain supply of

  • essential products

  • War Bonds and income tax

  • to finance war

  • Business retooled from

  • peace time to wartime

  • (cars to tanks)

What factory method does is this image demonstrate?



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Human Resources:

  • 6 million women replaced

  • men in factories

  • (Rosie the Riveter)


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Human Resources:

  • 6 million women replaced

  • men in factories

  • (Rosie the Riveter)

  • 2 million minority workers

  • move to cities for jobs


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Human Resources:

  • 6 million women replaced

  • men in factories

  • (Rosie the Riveter)

  • 2 million minority workers

  • move to cities for jobs

  • Women and minorities

  • fight to end

  • discriminatory practices


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Human Resources:

  • 6 million women replaced

  • men in factories

  • (Rosie the Riveter)

  • 2 million minority workers

  • move to cities for jobs

  • Women and minorities

  • fight to end

  • discriminatory practices

  • Citizens volunteer support

What is this boy doing to support the war effort?



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Military Resources:

  • Draft / selective service

  • to gain personnel (10 million)


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Military Resources:

  • Draft / selective service

  • to gain personnel (10 million)

  • Censorship in reporting war


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Military Resources:

  • Draft / selective service

  • to gain personnel (10 million)

  • Censorship in reporting war

  • Public morale and

  • ad campaigns kept

  • America focused on war


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Military Resources:

  • Draft / selective service

  • to gain personnel (10 million)

  • Censorship in reporting war

  • Public morale and

  • ad campaigns kept

  • America focused on war

  • Movies, plays, shows,

  • boosted morale and

  • patriotic support for war

  • and portrayed enemy in

  • stereotypical ways


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Daffy Duck: The Commando

In what way does the cartoon depict the Nazis?