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Leviticus. The book of sacrificial and ritual laws. Leviticus was named after the Levites, the priests. The book is attributed to the Priestly writer.

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leviticus

Leviticus

The book of sacrificial and ritual laws

slide2
Leviticus was named after the Levites, the priests.
  • The book is attributed to the Priestly writer.
  • The author is trying to answer the question, How can Israel survive as a people believing in one God while living in a foreign culture whose people worship other gods?
slide3
The writer wants the Jews to see there worship in the Temple related to their life in community.
  • The Covenant with God was meant to frame the whole of life
  • If someone goes to Church on Sunday and keeps the rules but shows little no concern for justice and peace, would you consider that person a good Christian?
slide4
The book encourages the reader to honesty, reverence, respect, compassion, and generosity
  • These are virtues we need today
slide5
These laws served to teach the Israelites to stay pure and maintain their intimate union with God
  • “You shall be holy, because I, the Lord, am holy.”
sacrifice in the old testament
Proper sacrifice

Incredible detail on ritual correctness

Your heart must be in it, but you NEED to perform the sacrifice CORRECTLY

Sacrifice in the Old Testament
what was the sacrifice for
What Was The Sacrifice For?
  • Forgiveness
  • Gratitude to God
  • To provide food for the people.
  • This also underscores the seriousness of taking animal life for food-it’s done for a purpose
  • Animals used:
  • Bulls, Cows, Calves
  • Sheep, Lambs, Goats, Kids
  • Bird, Dove, Pigeon
leviticus 1
Leviticus 1
  • Holocaust: from Geek meaning “wholly burned”
  • The entire animal was burned (except the hide)
  • The purpose-a complete gift to God
burnt offering
Burnt Offering
  • This was an offering for sin
  • Young bull,1 yr. old lamb, bird, dove, pigeon
  • Roasted entirely-the smell goes up to God
leviticus 2 cereal offering
Leviticus 2 Cereal Offering
  • The Grain offering
  • Was thanks for God’s providence
  • What was used:
  • Fine flour, olive oil, incense, unleavened bread, seasoned w/ salt.
leviticus 3 peace offering
Leviticus 3 Peace Offering
  • This offering was showing desire for peace and fellowship with God
leviticus 4 sin offering
Leviticus 4 Sin Offering
  • The Sin Offering was payment for unintentional sins
  • An individuals status was very important
  • The higher the statue, the bigger the offering
  • Ones intentions determined the sacrifice
the atonement of jesus
The Atonement of Jesus
  • Once a year, on the day of Atonement –(Yom Kippur) the High Priest enters the holy of holies and offers a sacrifice of a bull representing himself and his tribe, and a goat representing the Israelite people.
  • So why is Jesus called the true Hight Priest?
leviticus 5 guilt offering
Leviticus 5 Guilt Offering
  • The guilt offering was given to repay offences against a fellow Israelite-or God
  • That is-it removed guilt
slide16
Meat
  • All animals which chew their cud and have a split hoof are kosher.
  • Cattle, Sheep, Goats, and Deer are Kosher.
  • Horses, Donkeys, Camels and Pigs are not Kosher.
  • Meat must be killed according to the laws of Shecitah. (Ritual slaughter according to Jewish dietary laws)
  • Meat must be properly salted to remove blood.
flying things
Flying Things
  • Birds that eat meat are unclean, ones that eat grain are kosher
  • Pigeons were the most common
kosher non kosher birds
Kosher Birds:

Chicken

Dove

Duck

Goose

Pigeon

Turkey

Non-Kosher Birds:

Bat

Cuckoo

Eagle

Hawk

Heron

Kite

Lapwing

Ostrich

Owl

Pelican

Stork

Swan

Vulture

Kosher/Non Kosher Birds
sea food
Sea Food
  • Fish must have scales and fins to be kosher
non kosher sea food1
Catfish

Eel

Porpoise

Shark

Whale

Clam

Crab

Frog

Lobster

Oyster

Scallop

Shrimp

Snail

Non-Kosher Sea Food
kosher sea food
Fish that are deemed kosher must have fins and scales. Shellfish is prohibited

Anchovy * Pike

Bluefish * Porgy

Butterfish * Red Snapper

Carp * Salmon

Cod * Sardine

Flounder * Sea Bass

Fluke * Smelt

Haddock * Sole

Halibut * Trout

Herring * Tuna

Mackerel * Whitefish

Mackerel

Kosher Sea Food
holiness code 17 26
Holiness Code 17-26
  • The codes in Leviticus are advanced moral teachings:
  • Leaving some of the harvest for the poor to glean
  • Not withholding wages until the next day
  • Don’t curse the blind/don’t put stumbling blocks in the way of the blind
slide28
Don’t stand idly while your neighbor’s life is at stake.
  • Don’t persecute foreigners
  • Don’t fashion dishonest weights and measures
  • Every 50 yrs. Debts are to be canceled. Those who’ve lost property are allowed opportunity to redeem it