SOUTHERN COLONIES VIRGINIA, MARYLAND, NORTH CAROLINA, SOUTH CAROLINA, GEORGIA
SOUTHERN COLONIES • PERFECT WEATHER AND GEOGRAPHY FOR AGRICULTURE • VERY LARGE FARMS- PLANTATIONS • CASH CROPS- PRODUCTION FOR EXPORT- TO SELL • CLOSE TIES TO ENGLAND- CHURCH OF ENGLAND
VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND • TOBACCO- CASH CROP • LARGE PLANTATIONS • NEED FOR SLAVE LABOR • CAVALIERS- ENGLISH NOBILITY WHO RECEIVED LARGE LAND GRANTS IN VIRGINIA
THE LOWER SOUTH • CASH CROPS- RICE AND INDIGO • TREMENDOUS NEED FOR SLAVES • HARSHER CONDITIONS
Crops of the Carolinas: Rice • The primary export. • Rice was still an exotic food in England. • Was grown in Africa, so planters imported West African slaves. • These slaves had a genetic trait that made them immune to malaria. • By 1710 black slaves were a majority in Carolina. American Long Grain Rice
Crops of theCarolinas: Indigo In colonial times, the main use for indigo was as a dye for spun cotton threads that were woven into cloth for clothes. Today in the US, the main use for indigo is a dye for cotton work clothes & blue jeans.
GEORGIA • THE “CHARITY COLONY” • FOUNDED BY JAMES OGLETHORPE • FOUNDED AS A HAVEN FOR DEBTORS • FOUNDED AS A BUFFER AGAINST SPANISH FLORIDA • AT FIRST- ALLOWED NO SLAVERY
Late-Coming Georgia Founded in 1733. Last of the 13 colonies. Named in honor of King George II. Founded by James Oglethorpe.
FARTHER INLAND • NEAR THE APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS IN WESTERN VIRGINIA AND OTHER SOUTHERN COLONIES • SMALL FARMS- SUBSISTENCE FARMING AND HUNTING • FEW SLAVES • SCOTCH-IRISH- NOT TIED TO ENGLAND