Chapter 21. Tobacco. Tobacco. Tobacco is the #1 cause of preventable disease in the United States Everyday teens and adults begin to use some form of tobacco and quickly become addicted. Smoking Statistics.
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The adverse health effects from cigarette smoking account for an estimated 480,000 deaths, or nearly one of every five deaths, each year in the United States
More deaths are caused each year by tobacco use than by all deaths from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), illegal drug use, alcohol use, motor vehicle injuries, suicides, and murders combined
On average, someone who smokes a pack or more of cigarettes a day lives seven years less than someone who never smokes
Secondhand smoke contains about 70 cancer-causing chemicals
Secondhand smoke causes an estimated 46,000 premature deaths from heart disease each year in the United States among nonsmokers.
Nonsmokers who are exposed to secondhand smoke at home or at work increase their risk of developing lung cancer by 20–30%
Tobacco users develop an addiction due to nicotine, a substance found in the leaves of tobacco
A typical 1-hour-long hookah smoking session involves inhaling 100–200 times the volume of smoke inhaled from a single cigarette
Water pipe smoking is at least as addictive as cigarettes
Hookah smokers are at risk for the same kinds of diseases as are caused by cigarette smoking, including oral cancer, lung cancer, stomach cancer, cancer of the esophagus, reduced lung function, and decreased fertility
Secondhand smoke from hookahs poses a serious risk for nonsmokers, particularly because it contains smoke not only from the tobacco but also from the heat source (charcoal) used in the hookah
The charcoal used to heat tobacco in the hookah increases the health risks by producing high levels of carbon monoxide, metals, and cancer-causing chemicals.