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Chapter 21

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Chapter 21

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  1. P385, 2nd para—Circumstances change people “Hostility changed them…as though to repel an invader…w/ shotguns …against their own people.” When the people are pushed out, hostility changes them They attack the victim of changes Instead of attacking the problem itself Chapter 21

  2. P386—”Man of property were terrified for…” Empathy, sympathy, and altruism are displaced when people conclude they are threatened Chapter 21

  3. Chapter 21 • 386, first full para, first 2 lines • Owners conclude that okies can’t understand them • And conflict is born as a result of this transformation

  4. This is the govt. camp where all is civil This camp is a cooperative It does not have coercive laws Everyone acts cooperatively Review notes from chap 17 Chapter 22—Second Camp

  5. P390—they arrive They are treated with courtesy The camp has proper amenities The people are the cops—the law enforcement Remember the social contract they followed on the road Chapter 22

  6. 391-92—the services of the Central Committee The tenants can work off their rent If Ma has a job, other mothers will look after her kids for the day Chapter 22

  7. P404—The owner Assoc hates the govt. camps People who have expectations are harder to control They are also more difficult to exploit Chapter 22

  8. 420, first full para—The Joads feel like people again Notice the contrast b/w how they have been treated and how they are treated This suggest not exploiting people is the morally proper way to go Chapter 22

  9. P431, second 1/2 no one has the right to starve Notice that the Joads can get food on credit and use an honor system to repay We will contrast this w/ a store in the next camp at which they stay Chapter 22

  10. P455—The power structure fears the govt. camps Notice the guards echo the descriptions of them on p404 465, bottom—Rent-a-thugs itchin to bust heads Remember chap 21: the working class has turned on itself and taken the values of the owners for a couple dollars Chapter 24

  11. 473, 3rd para-top of 474—Forging advances in agriculture 475, 2nd full para—crops are discarded b/c doing so is profitable This explores the glory in farming New techniques are advanced for the good of all This behavior is immoral Recall p319-21 Chapter 25

  12. P476—the decay spreads Notice diction Decay, great sorrow, failure, saddest, bitterest The tone is bleak The immorality is very pronounced The owners place priority on efficacy of profits rather than welfare of people All me; no we Chapter 25

  13. 477—The rot fills the country “There is a crime…” Suggests that this behavior destroys the integrity of the nation All successes and accomplishments are toppled by greed What do the last two lines mean??? Chapter 25

  14. Joads leave camp 2 P503—arrive in camp 3 504—warning against being troublemakers Notice contrast with arrival at this camp vs. govt. camp Notice the owners view them as threats Chapter 26—Third Camp

  15. 510-12—the camp store Notice contrast b/w this store and the one in govt. camp The clerk doesn’t even pretend not to appear exploitative 512—the owners get wages back Total exploitation Free labor for low-end food Chapter 26

  16. 515-16—Again…a vulgar display of power Notice that the Joads never were threatening. The threat lies purely in the minds of the owners Treat people poorly and they likely will revolt See last 3 lines of 118 Chapter 26

  17. P520--Tom finds Casy 522-23—Casy’ thoughts Casy has noticed the inhumane way the owners treat the okies This shows that his social conscience has been awakened The faith he thought lost has been found Chapter 26

  18. 523-24—Casy is excited to hear Tom describe the govt camp where “folks is their own cops.” This excites him b/c this validates the social contract of voluntary cooperation for the good of the whole Chapter 26

  19. P525, first 11 lines—Inevitability of Revolution This suggests that a person will rise up and possibly pay with his/her life when challenging oppression See p206 It also foretells Casy’s death Chapter 26

  20. Chapter 26 • Continued… • Casy has been articulating awakened thoughts • Top of 525 suggests he will be the one who stands up, not “for fun no way. Doin it ‘cause you have to.” • Casy is the Christ figure • He will give his life for righteousness so others may be redeemed

  21. 527—Casy is killed in manner similar to Christ’s death “You don’t know what you’re doin’” Notice that Casy is identified the way Christ was: “that’s him.” Again, Christ said the same as he forgave his killers Tom then slays the killer Chapter 26

  22. P567—Ma and Tom reunite P570-72—Tom’s Full realization 570—Tom realizes Casy’s point about the greater soul At this point, we see everything Casy has been saying has made an impact on Tom Tom has transitioned from selfish to meeting necessity to selfless Chapter 28

  23. 571—Tom wonders why everywhere can’t be like the govt. camps Since his last conversation w/ KC, Tom realizes the social improvements he could bring Casy’s ideas influence him Tom will become Casy’s apostle Chapter 28

  24. P572—Tom’s full realization and transformation ”Then it don’t matter…” This is the most important part of the novel The most poetic We see Tom has transformed fully into a selfless man He will now go out into the world and do good works Chapter 28

  25. CONTINUED • Tom has become Casy’s apostle • He will spread the wisdom that came to Casy after his searching and his lost time • The theme of social injustice is also fully articulated here • No one is free if one person is hungry, homeless, etc.

  26. P589—Notice the dark imagery that sets the stage for the flood P591, middle—The power structure responds with force Pity turns to anger and then violence And the social injustice continues Chapter ends w/ dark imagery, suggesting the overwhelming destruction that has befallen the Joads Chapter 29—The flood

  27. Chapter 30 • The novel ends w/ a flood, dead people • And that scene w/ Rose of Sharon • This suggests the gift of life, not perversion • This suggests survival • With death the gift of life can still be made • Even at full cost of her and his dignity

  28. Chapter 30 • The Joads will never have the house and picket fence • Most of ‘em are dead by end of novel • But their progeny will make a forward step and following generations will do the same • That is the survival

  29. Michelle Obama’s ancestors were slaves • When her first ancestors were stolen from Africa, how many forward steps did they take? • Not many. • But with time…