Feudalism in Europe Mrs. Page
After the “Fall” of Rome most of Europe fell into the Dark Ages BUT there were advanced civilizations in the Middle East & Asia • Why only Europe? • Tribal Warfare Disorder and Violence • No central authority Weak local governments • Literacy declined • Towns disappeared • Money was no longer used • Advances made by the Greeks & Romans were lost • Trade collapsed
Feudalism: Political, economic, and social system based on personal and reciprocal loyalties, class distinctions, and the granting of land rights. European Feudalism differs from the traditional feudalism (such as Japan) because it serves only as the political system. Manorialism: Economic and social system based on lords and their dependent farm laborers, or serfs, in the Middle Ages
The King gives land to the wealthy upper class nobles. As Lords they give land to the Knightswho are their vassals. The Knights then become the Lords to the serfswho are peasants and the Knight’s vassals. Feudalism in Europe
Lord= A man of noble rank or high office • Vassal = A lord who was granted land in exchange for service and loyalty to a greater lord • Knight =Noble who served as a mounted warrior • Fief = An estate granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for service and loyalty • Serf = Peasant bound to the Lord’s land • ● Serfs worked the lord’s land and could not leave without permission. • ●Serfs paid the lord rent (for the use of land and for protection) in the form of grain, fruit, honey, eggs, chickens, etc.
Manorialism • In this type of economy land, not money, is the basis of wealth (exchanged goods and services but no ca$h) • The Lord’s estate is the basic unit of society- replaced towns and cities since each manor was self-sufficient • Lords gradually became more powerful than kings as they acquired more land