Feudalism in Europe - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. Feudalism in Europe Chapter 13 Section 2 http://www.history.com/videos/the-vikings-raid-england#bet-you-didnt-know-vikings

  2. I New Invasions Trouble Western EuropeA. Vikings: Raiders, Traders, Explorers • Vikings: Raiders, Traders, & Explorers • Vikings are from Scandanavia • Germanic ppl AKA Northmen or Norsemen who worshiped warlike gods • Attacked, looted, retreated before local troops responded • Leif Ericson reached NA 500 yrs Before Columbus • Warming trend in Europe made farming easierled to decline in attacks • Adopted Christianitystopped raiding monastaries

  3. Magyars & Muslims • As Viking invasions decline Magyars begin • Magyars= nomadic ppl & great horseback riders • Didn’t settle conquered areas but captured ppl and sold them into slavery • Overran Italy reached as far as Burgundy (France) • Muslims= excellent sailors controlled Med. Sea & disrupted trade • Both caused disorder &suffering • No saftey+ no ruler for power = local rulers & local armies

  4. II Feudalism Structures Society • Rollo= leader of Viking army • Charles the simple= king of France • Charles grants Rollo large piece of French land which they called northmen’s land (Normandy) • In return, Rollo swore loyalty to Charles

  5. A. A New Social Order • Manny alliances like that of Rollo & Charles formed • Feudalism • Lord (landowner) grants a fief (piece of land) to vassal (person receiving land) in return for military protection • Rollo= vassal & Charles= lord • Feudalism depended on the control of land

  6. B. Feudal Pyramid

  7. C. Social Classes are Well Defined • 3 medieval groups • Those who fought= nobles & knights • Those who prayed= men & women of church • Those who worked= the peasants • Majority of ppl were peasants who could also be serfs • Serfs= ppl who could not legally leave the palace in which they were born • Serfs were bound to land but were not slaves because lords could not sell or buy them • Wealth of feudal lords depended on work of peasants

  8. III Manors: The Economic Side of Feudalism • Manor = the lords estate (property) • Manor system= the economic arrangement • Lord provided serfs w/ housing, farmland, protection in return for serfs tending the land

  9. A. Self Contained World • Peasants rarely traveled any more than 25 from manor • Manor consisted of lords manor house, church, workshops • Manor was self-sufficient com. • Serfs & peasants raised or produced nearly all they & their lord needed for daily life

  10. B. Harshness of manor Life • Peasants paid high price for living on lords land • Tax on all grain ground in lords mill • Crime to avoid tax by baking break somewhere else • Tax on marriage • Weddings took place only with the lords consent • After payments to lord, peasants owed village priest a tithe • Tithe= church tax (1/10 of income) • Accepted harsh life because medieval Christians believed god predetermined someone’s place in life